Atlanta Bible Students

The Book of Matthew

Chapter 23
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[1] Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples, [2] Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat: [3] All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not you after their works: for they say, and do not. [4] For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers. [5] But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, [6] And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues, [7] And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi. [8] But be not you called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and all you are brethren. [9] And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven. [10] Neither be you called masters: for one is your Master, even Christ. [11] But he that is greatest among you will be your servant. [12] And whosoever will exalt himself will be abased; and he that will humble himself will be exalted.

Verses 1-3  Expanded Bible Comments

Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples, [2] Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat: [3] All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not you after their works: for they say, and do not.
QuestionAnswer
To whom is Jesus speaking? Both his disciples and also the multitude.
What is meant by "the scribes and Pharisees sit in Moses' seat?" E351:1
What attitude did Jesus advise the disciples to take toward the Scribes and Pharisees? To observe what they told them to (concerning the law.)
What did He tell them to avoid, and why? "Don't do as they do. After all, they say one thing and do something else." (CEV)

Verses 4-7  Expanded Bible Comments

For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers. [5] But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments, [6] And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues, [7] And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.
QuestionAnswer
What kind of "heavy burdens" did they bind, and on whom did these burdens fall? R1540; Q725
What burdens did the Scribes and Pharisees remove or lighten? Not one of them. "They themselves will not move them with one of their fingers."
What was the motive behind these actions? "All their works they do for to be seen of men."
What are phylacteries?
phylacteries.jpg
What was meant by "the border" of their garments? This would be the area at the bottom of the garment.
Is there any manner in which the border of their garment was to be worn? Num. 15:37-41
What was the intended purpose of wearing their garment in this fashion? Num. 15:39
Who was supposed to wear their garment this way? Num. 15:38
What does it mean to "enlarge the border" of a garment? To make it larger than normal.
What did the Scribes and Pharisees love? Upper most rooms at feasts, chief seats in synagogues, greetings (of respect) in the market place and to be called "rabbi." In other words, the praise of men.
What does "Rabbi" mean? Teacher.

Begin Here January 21, 2018

Verse 8  Expanded Bible Comments

But be not you called Rabbi: for one is your Master, even Christ; and all you are brethren.
QuestionAnswer
What did Jesus advise regarding His disciples being called Rabbi?
Who is our Rabbi?
Who are our brethren?

Verse 9  Expanded Bible Comments

And call no man your father upon the earth: for one is your Father, which is in heaven.
QuestionAnswer
What is meant by the admonition "Call no man Father?" Does this include our natural fathers? Why or why not?
Who is our Father, and what should be our relationship with Him?

Verse 10  Expanded Bible Comments

Neither be you called masters: for one is your Master, even Christ.
QuestionAnswer
Should disciples be called "Master?"
Who is our Master, and why?

Verse 11  Expanded Bible Comments

But he that is greatest among you will be your servant.
QuestionAnswer
What principle is Jesus teaching in this verse?
Did the Scribes and Pharisees follow this principle?
What is the meaning for the Greek word for "servant?"
Strong's G1249
διάκονος
diakonos
dee-ak'-on-os
Probably from διάκω diakō (obsolete, to run on errands; compare G1377); an attendant, that is, (generally) a waiter (at table or in other menial duties); specifically a Christian teacher and pastor (technically a deacon or deaconess): - deacon, minister, servant.

Verse 12  Expanded Bible Comments

And whosoever will exalt himself will be abased; and he that will humble himself will be exalted.
QuestionAnswer
Of what trait is Jesus speaking in this verse?
What is the result of one exalting himself?
What is the result of one humbling himself?
How did Jesus demonstrate these principles in His life?

[13] But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for you neither go in yourselves, neither permit you them that are entering to go in. [14] Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore you will receive the greater condemnation. [15] Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you compass sea and land to make one proselyte, and when he is made, you make him twofold more the child of Gehenna than yourselves.

Verse 13  Expanded Bible Comments

But woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for you neither go in yourselves, neither permit you them that are entering to go in.
QuestionAnswer
What is the meaning of the word ?woe? in this context?
Strong's G3759
οὐαί
ouai
oo-ah'ee
A primary exclamation of grief; woe: - alas, woe.
What is a hypocrite?
Strong's G5273
ὑποκριτής
hupokritēs
hoop-ok-ree-tace'
From G5271; an actor under an assumed character (stage player), that is, (figuratively) a dissembler (hypocrite): - hypocrite.
Why does Jesus repeat the phrase ?Woe unto you Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites? multiple times in this passage?
What is Jesus? emotion in this passage? R5678, R438.
Did Jesus call out the Scribes and Pharisees individually? Why or why not?
Did Jesus ?revile? the Scribes and Pharisees?
Why or why not, and how can we be sure?
Strong's G3058
λοιδορέω
loidoreō
loy-dor-eh'-o
From G3060; to reproach, that is, vilify: - revile.
1 Pet. 2:23.
How did the Scribes and Pharisees ?shut up the Kingdom of Heaven against men?? Gal. 5:1

Verse 14  Expanded Bible Comments

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore you will receive the greater condemnation.
QuestionAnswer
How did the Scribes and Pharisees ?devour widows? houses?? R5094.
In what way did the Scribes and Pharisees ?for a pretense make long prayer?? R5470.
Is it appropriate for us to make long prayers? Why or why not, and under what circumstances?
What is meant by ?greater condemnation?? Luke 12:48; R5470; R5390.

Verse 15  Expanded Bible Comments

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you compass sea and land to make one proselyte, and when he is made, you make him twofold more the child of Gehenna than yourselves.
QuestionAnswer
What did the Scribes and Pharisees put great effort in doing?
When they find one, what happens to that one?
What was "Gehenna?"
What is "Gehenna" a picture of? F640:2; R2602; R2601; R1071.
What does it mean to be a "child of Gehenna?"

[16] Woe unto you, you blind guides, which say, Whosoever will swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever will swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor! [17] You fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifies the gold? [18] And, Whosoever will swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever swears by the gift that is upon it, he is guilty. [19] You fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifies the gift? [20] Whoso therefore will swear by the altar, swears by it, and by all things thereon. [21] And whoso will swear by the temple, swears by it, and by him that dwells therein. [22] And he that will swear by heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by him that sits thereon.

Verse 16  Expanded Bible Comments

Woe unto you, you blind guides, which say, Whosoever will swear by the temple, it is nothing; but whosoever will swear by the gold of the temple, he is a debtor!
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Verse 17  Expanded Bible Comments

You fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifies the gold?
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Verse 18  Expanded Bible Comments

And, Whosoever will swear by the altar, it is nothing; but whosoever swears by the gift that is upon it, he is guilty.
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Verse 19  Expanded Bible Comments

You fools and blind: for whether is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifies the gift?
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Verse 20  Expanded Bible Comments

Whoso therefore will swear by the altar, swears by it, and by all things thereon.
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Verse 21  Expanded Bible Comments

And whoso will swear by the temple, swears by it, and by him that dwells therein.
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Verse 22  Expanded Bible Comments

And he that will swear by heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by him that sits thereon.
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[23] Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought you to have done, and not to leave the other undone. [24] You blind guides, which strain at a gnat, and swallow a camel. [25] Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excess. [26] You blind Pharisee, cleanse first that which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also. [27] Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you are like unto whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness. [28] Even so you also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within you are full of hypocrisy and iniquity. [29] Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous, [30] And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets. [31] Wherefore you be witnesses unto yourselves, that you are the children of them which killed the prophets. [32] Fill you up then the measure of your fathers. [33] You serpents, you generation of vipers, how can you escape the judgment of Gehenna? [34] Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them you will kill and crucify; and some of them will you scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city: [35] That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom you slew between the temple and the altar. [36] Truly I say unto you, All these things will come upon this generation. [37] O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets, and stone them which are sent unto you, how often would I have gathered your children together, even as a hen gathers her chickens under her wings, and you would not! [38] Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. [39] For I say unto you, You will not see me henceforth, till you will say, Blessed is he that comes in the name of the Lord.

Verse 23  Expanded Bible Comments

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought you to have done, and not to leave the other undone.
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Verse 24  Expanded Bible Comments

You blind guides, which strain at a gnat, and swallow a camel.
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Verse 25  Expanded Bible Comments

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you make clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and excess.
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Verse 26  Expanded Bible Comments

You blind Pharisee, cleanse first that which is within the cup and platter, that the outside of them may be clean also.
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Verse 27  Expanded Bible Comments

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you are like unto whited sepulchres, which indeed appear beautiful outward, but are within full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness.
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Verse 28  Expanded Bible Comments

Even so you also outwardly appear righteous unto men, but within you are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.
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Verse 29  Expanded Bible Comments

Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! because you build the tombs of the prophets, and garnish the sepulchres of the righteous,
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Verse 30  Expanded Bible Comments

And say, If we had been in the days of our fathers, we would not have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.
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Verse 31  Expanded Bible Comments

Wherefore you be witnesses unto yourselves, that you are the children of them which killed the prophets.
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Verse 32  Expanded Bible Comments

Fill you up then the measure of your fathers.
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Verse 33  Expanded Bible Comments

You serpents, you generation of vipers, how can you escape the judgment of Gehenna?
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Verse 34  Expanded Bible Comments

Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them you will kill and crucify; and some of them will you scourge in your synagogues, and persecute them from city to city:
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Verse 35  Expanded Bible Comments

That upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias, whom you slew between the temple and the altar.
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Verse 36  Expanded Bible Comments

Truly I say unto you, All these things will come upon this generation.
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Verse 37  Expanded Bible Comments

O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you that kill the prophets, and stone them which are sent unto you, how often would I have gathered your children together, even as a hen gathers her chickens under her wings, and you would not!
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Verse 38  Expanded Bible Comments

Behold, your house is left unto you desolate.
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Verse 39  Expanded Bible Comments

For I say unto you, You will not see me henceforth, till you will say, Blessed is he that comes in the name of the Lord.
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Chapter 22   Chapter 24