Atlanta Bible Students

The Book of Matthew

Chapter 22
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[1] And Jesus answered and spake unto them again by parables, and said, [2] The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son, [3] And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come. [4] Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage. [5] But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise: [6] And the remnant took his servants, and abused, and slew them. [7] But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city. [8] Then saith he to his servants, The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy. [9] Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage. [10] So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests. [11] And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment: [12] And he saith unto him, Friend, how did you come in here not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless. [13] Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and cast him into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. [14] For many are called, but few are chosen.

Verse 1  Expanded Bible Comments

And Jesus answered and spake unto them again by parables, and said,
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Why did Jesus answer them in parables? Matt. 13:10-11; Luke 8:10

Verse 2  Expanded Bible Comments

The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son,
QuestionAnswer
What is "the kingdom of heaven?" This indicates that the Kingdom of God has a "Heavenly phase" to it. There is, of course, an earthly phase as well. Matt. 6:10 – In most (if not all) cases this refers to the development of the true church while still in the flesh.
Who is pictured by "a certain king?" Jehovah.
Who is "his son?" Our Lord Jesus.
What is pictured by the king making "a marriage for his son?" The preparation of the joining together of Jesus (the heavenly bridegroom) and His bride (the true church, the "little flock") in the heavenly phase of the Kingdom. Rev. 21:2,9

Verses 3-4  Expanded Bible Comments

And sent forth his servants to call them that were bidden to the wedding: and they would not come. [4] Again, he sent forth other servants, saying, Tell them which are bidden, Behold, I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready: come unto the marriage.
QuestionAnswer
Who is it that "send forth his servants?" The "certain king" of verse 2, Jehovah.
In verses 3-10, how many times were guests bidden to the wedding of the King's son? Three times. (1) - verse 3. (2) - verse 4. (3) - verse 9.
Who are "his servants?" John the Baptist and John's disciples.
Who are "them that were bidden?" The Jews at the time of our Lord's first advent, those to whom "were committed the oracles of God." Rom. 3:1-2
To what were they called? To "joint-heirship with Messiah in His Kingdom."PD59:2
Did they accept the invitation from the King? No.
What did the king do next? "He sent forth other servants."
Who were the "other servants?" Our Lord and the Apostles.
Was there anything different about the instructions given to the "other servants?" Yes. Their instructions included: "I have prepared my dinner: my oxen and my fatlings are killed, and all things are ready."
What does that mean? In the first "bidding" there was no indication that the dinner was yet ready. In this one the ox (bullock) had now been slain, i.e., Jesus had now given His earthly as the Ransom sacrifice, therefore the dinner was prepared.
During what time period was the first invitation? From 29-33 A.D.
During what time period was the second invitation? From 33-36 A.D.

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Verses 5-6  Expanded Bible Comments

But they made light of it, and went their ways, one to his farm, another to his merchandise: [6] And the remnant took his servants, and abused, and slew them.
QuestionAnswer
"But they made light of it." – Who is "they?"
What does it mean that "they went their ways?"
How did they treat the King's servants?

Verse 7  Expanded Bible Comments

But when the king heard thereof, he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.
QuestionAnswer
Who is the King?
With what emotion did the King react with?
Who comprised the King's armies?
What happened to those who killed the King's servants?
What happened to their city?

Verse 8  Expanded Bible Comments

Then saith he to his servants, The wedding is ready, but they which were bidden were not worthy.
QuestionAnswer
What did the king mean by "the wedding is ready?"
Who was it that was not worthy?

Verse 9  Expanded Bible Comments

Go ye therefore into the highways, and as many as ye shall find, bid to the marriage.
QuestionAnswer
Where were "the highways?"
What is this symbolic of?
"As many as you shall find, bid to the marriage." What does that mean?

Verse 10  Expanded Bible Comments

So those servants went out into the highways, and gathered together all as many as they found, both bad and good: and the wedding was furnished with guests.
QuestionAnswer
Who are "those servants?"
What is meant by "both bad and good?" 1 Cor. 1:26
What is meant by "and the wedding was furnished with guests?"

Verse 11  Expanded Bible Comments

And when the king came in to see the guests, he saw there a man which had not on a wedding garment:
QuestionAnswer
What is indicated by "the king came in?"
Do we associate this event with a chronological date or period?
In this context, what was his purpose for coming in?
What did he discover?
What does the wedding garment picture?

Verse 12  Expanded Bible Comments

And he saith unto him, Friend, how did you come in here not having a wedding garment? And he was speechless.
QuestionAnswer
What is suggested by addressing him as "friend?" 2 Chron. 20:7; James 2:23
What is the import of the question: "How did you come in here not having a wedding garment?" Q732:2
Why was he speechless?

Verse 13  Expanded Bible Comments

Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and cast him into outer darkness; there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
QuestionAnswer
What does it mean to "Bind him hand and foot?" R2302
What does it mean to cast him out? R1453

Verse 14  Expanded Bible Comments

For many are called, but few are chosen.
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[15] Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in his talk. [16] And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man: for thou regardest not the person of men. [17] Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not? [18] But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites? [19] Show me the tribute money. And they brought unto him a penny. [20] And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? [21] They say unto him, Caesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's. [22] When they had heard these words, they marvelled, and left him, and went their way.

Verse 15  Expanded Bible Comments

Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in his talk.
QuestionAnswer

Verse 16  Expanded Bible Comments

And they sent out unto him their disciples with the Herodians, saying, Master, we know that thou art true, and teachest the way of God in truth, neither carest thou for any man: for thou regardest not the person of men.
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Verse 17  Expanded Bible Comments

Tell us therefore, What thinkest thou? Is it lawful to give tribute unto Caesar, or not?
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Verse 18  Expanded Bible Comments

But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites?
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Verse 19  Expanded Bible Comments

Show me the tribute money. And they brought unto him a penny.
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Verse 20  Expanded Bible Comments

And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription?
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Verse 21  Expanded Bible Comments

They say unto him, Caesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's.
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Verse 22  Expanded Bible Comments

When they had heard these words, they marvelled, and left him, and went their way.
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[23] The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him, [24] Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. [25] Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother: [26] Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh. [27] And last of all the woman died also. [28] Therefore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her. [29] Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God. [30] For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven. [31] But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying, [32] I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living. [33] And when the multitude heard this, they were astonished at his doctrine.

Verse 23  Expanded Bible Comments

The same day came to him the Sadducees, which say that there is no resurrection, and asked him,
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Verse 24  Expanded Bible Comments

Saying, Master, Moses said, If a man die, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.
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Verse 25  Expanded Bible Comments

Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother:
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Verse 26  Expanded Bible Comments

Likewise the second also, and the third, unto the seventh.
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Verse 27  Expanded Bible Comments

And last of all the woman died also.
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Verse 28  Expanded Bible Comments

Therefore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her.
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Verse 29  Expanded Bible Comments

Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God.
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Verse 30  Expanded Bible Comments

For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of God in heaven.
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Verse 31  Expanded Bible Comments

But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying,
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Verse 32  Expanded Bible Comments

I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.
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Verse 33  Expanded Bible Comments

And when the multitude heard this, they were astonished at his doctrine.
QuestionAnswer

[34] But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together. [35] Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying, [36] Master, which is the great commandment in the law? [37] Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. [38] This is the first and great commandment. [39] And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. [40] On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.

Verse 34  Expanded Bible Comments

But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together.
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Verse 35  Expanded Bible Comments

Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying,
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Verse 36  Expanded Bible Comments

Master, which is the great commandment in the law?
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Verse 37  Expanded Bible Comments

Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.
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Verse 38  Expanded Bible Comments

This is the first and great commandment.
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Verse 39  Expanded Bible Comments

And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
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Verse 40  Expanded Bible Comments

On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.
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[41] While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, [42] Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The son of David. [43] He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying, [44] The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool? [45] If David then call him Lord, how is he his son? [46] And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.

Verse 41  Expanded Bible Comments

While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them,
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Verse 42  Expanded Bible Comments

Saying, What think ye of Christ? whose son is he? They say unto him, The son of David.
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Verse 43  Expanded Bible Comments

He saith unto them, How then doth David in spirit call him Lord, saying,
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Verse 44  Expanded Bible Comments

The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool?
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Verse 45  Expanded Bible Comments

If David then call him Lord, how is he his son?
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Verse 46  Expanded Bible Comments

And no man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.
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Chapter 21   Chapter 23