Atlanta Bible Students

The Book of Matthew

Chapter 24
Go To Verse 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51
Verses 1-14 Cover the entire Gospel Age

[1] And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to him for to show him the buildings of the temple. [2] And Jesus said unto them, See you not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.

Verses 1-2  Expanded Bible Comments

And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to him for to show him the buildings of the temple. [2] And Jesus said unto them, See you not all these things? verily I say unto you, There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.
QuestionAnswer
Where had Jesus been teaching? In the temple.
What did the disciples want to do? They wanted to show him the temple. Clearly they were very impressed by it.
What did Jesus tell them about the temple? "There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down."
Did Jesus here tell his disciples the truth? If so, has this already happened or is it in the future? This happened on August 2, 70 A.D. (the 9th of Av). The Romans set the temple on fire and the fire burned the temple so thouroughly that the gold on the walls of the temple melted into the cracks between the stones. The Roman soldiers literally removed each stone of the temple in order to get to that gold.

[3] And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy presence, and of the end of the age? [4] And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you. [5] For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many. [6] And you shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that you be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet. [7] For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places. [8] All these are the beginning of sorrows. [9] Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and you shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake. [10] And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one another, and shall hate one another. [11] And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many. [12] And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold. [13] But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved. [14] And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.

Verse 3  Expanded Bible Comments

And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy presence, and of the end of the age?
QuestionAnswer
Where were Jesus and his disciples? "Upon the mount of Olives."
Were the common people with them? No. "As he sat.. the disciples came unto him privately.."
The Three Questions
1) "When shall these things be?" – What things? The things Jesus had just said to them about the temple. "There shall not be left here one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down."
2) "What shall be the sign of thy presence?" – Are we sure it is the word "presence" and not "coming?" One Hundred percent yes!
Strong's G3952
παρουσία
parousia
par-oo-see'-ah
From the present participle of G3918; a being near, that is, advent (often, return; specifically of Christ to punish Jerusalem, or finally the wicked); (by implication) physical aspect: - coming, presence.
It is the exact opposite of the Greek word:
Strong's G666
ἀπουσία
apousia
ap-oo-see'-ah
From the participle of G548; a being away: - absence.
Phil. 2:12
3) "..and the end of the world?" (KJV) – Is it really "the end of the world?"
Strong's G165
αἰών
aiōn
ahee-ohn'
From the same as G104; properly an age; by extension perpetuity (also past); by implication the world; specifically (Jewish) a Messianic period (present or future): - age, course, eternal, (for) ever (-more), [n-]ever, (beginning of the, while the) world (began, without end). Compare G5550.
No. Rotherham says "the conclusion of the age." Most other translations say "end of the age," or words to that effect.

Verses 4-5  Expanded Bible Comments

And Jesus answered and said unto them, Take heed that no man deceive you. [5] For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.
QuestionAnswer
What was our Lord's first response to his disciples' questions? "Take heed that no man deceive you."
What characteristics are shown by this response? Loving concern, acting as the "Good Shepherd," etc. It may also good for us to notice that his first response was to give them warning.
Did Jesus warn us about a coming deceiver? No. He warned us about many decivers.
How could such a deciever be recognized? They would claim to be the Christ or a Christ.
How many would be fooled by such this deception? "Many!"

Verses 6-8  Expanded Bible Comments

And you shall hear of wars and rumours of wars: see that you be not troubled: for all these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet. [7] For nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places. [8] All these are the beginning of sorrows.
QuestionAnswer
Does the hearing of wars and rumors of wars indicate the end of the Age is here? No. Jesus added "All these things must come to pass, but the end is not yet."
When the Lord's people hear of these, how are they supposed to respond? "See that you be not troubled."
When the saints observe "All thest things" coming to pass, what does it indicate to them? "The end is not yet."
What about when "nation shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be famines, and pestilences, and earthquakes, in divers places." What does this indicate? "All these are the beginning of sorrows."
Is there a difference between "nation rising nation" and "kingdom against kingdom?" Yes. Not every nation, even in our Lord's day, was a kingdom. There were other forms of government, though kingdoms were the most common.
What is meant by "earthquakes in divers places?" Revolutions in various and different places. Civil rights, Education of the masses, Worker's rights, Women's rights, Communist revolution, etc., etc.
What do all these things indicate? "All these are the beginning of sorrows."

Verse 9  Expanded Bible Comments

Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and you shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake.
QuestionAnswer
When is "Then?" During the Gospel Age. D566, D584
Are the Lord's people really to be "afflicted" during the Gospel Age? Yes. R5173:24; John 16:1-3; Rev. 6:9-11.
Why would the saints "be hated of all nations?" "For my name's sake." John 16:3

Verse 10  Expanded Bible Comments

And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one another, and shall hate one another.
QuestionAnswer
When is "then?" During the Gospel Age.
"Then shall many be offended." Who are the "many" that are "offended?" This does not say "the world shall be offended." This seems to be speaking of those who were among the brethren, in other words, nominal Christians.
Of those who are offended, what two things will they do? "Betray one another" and "hate one another."

Verse 11  Expanded Bible Comments

And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many.
QuestionAnswer
What is a false prophet? Isa. 8:20.; Jer. 5:23,26-28,31; Deut. 13:1-3; 18:22
Where did these false prophets come from? Acts 20:29-30.

Verse 12  Expanded Bible Comments

And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold.
QuestionAnswer
What would cause this condition: "iniquity shall abound?" False prophets teaching false doctrine leads. Our God is a God of Truth. The study of His Truth is paramount. The highest of all sciences is the science of Divine Revelation. When we study His word and we absorb His principles of Truth and Righteousness, we become more like Him in our own character, even as the Apostle suggests. – Rom. 12:2
What is the result of this abounding iniquity? "The love of many shall wax cold."Rev. 2:4; 2 Thes. 2:10,12

Verse 13  Expanded Bible Comments

But he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.
QuestionAnswer
Endure what? Endure the testings and conditions spoken of in verses 9-12.
For how long is one to endure? This question has a two-fold answer.
1) As a class the saings need to endure unto the end of the Gospel Age.
2) Individually each saint needs to endure unto the end of their earthly life.
What is the result of "enduring unto the end?" "The same shall be saved."

Verse 14  Expanded Bible Comments

And this gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in all the world for a witness unto all nations; and then shall the end come.
QuestionAnswer
What is to be preached "in all the world?" "The gospel of the kingdom."
To how many nations is this to be preached? "Unto all nations."
To what purpose is this to be preached to all nations? "For a witness." It is important to note this. Our Lord said nothing about converting the nations, merely that it should be "for a witness unto all nations."
When is this to be done? Prior to the end of the Gospel Age. – "Then shall the end come."
What is the "gospel of the kingdom?"
Strong's G2098
εὐαγγέλιον
euaggelion
yoo-ang-ghel'-ee-on
From the same as G2097; a good message, that is, the gospel: - gospel.
The Scriptures define the gospel in Gal. 3:8. When we go back to where this quote is taken from, we see that it is even more plain. Here God makes His promise to Abraham: Gen. 12:3. Later in this same chapter (Galations 3,) Paul reminds us that the "seed" of Abraham includes the members of the body of Christ. – Gal. 3:16,29

"Verses 15 to 22 have a double application, literally to the Jewish Age and figuratively to the end of the Gospel Age of which the Jewish Age was a shadow" B160
[15] When you therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) [16] Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains: [17] Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house: [18] Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes. [19] And woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days! [20] But pray you that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day: [21] For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. [22] And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened.

Verses 15-16  Expanded Bible Comments

When you therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) [16] Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains:
QuestionAnswer
What is "the abomination of desolation?" C102; NS77; R5641.
Where did Daniel speak of it? Dan. 11:31; 12:11
"Stand in the holy place." What is "the holy place?" D572:3; C26:1.
Why did Jesus say "Stand in the holy place?" D573.
What is meant by "whoso readeth, let him understand?" D573.
What is the importance of "When you.. shall see?" This does not apply prior to the recognition of "The Mystery of Iniquity." R711:3
Is this fleeing out of Jerusalem literal or symbolic? Please see D573:1-2, and when does it apply?

Verses 17-18  Expanded Bible Comments

Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house: [18] Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes.
QuestionAnswer
What does it mean to be "on the housetop?" D575; R5456.
Why not "take any thing out of his house?" The "house" is the nominal Christian Church. Do not take any of its false teachings, practices, etc.
What is "the field?" D574.
Why not "return back to take his clothes?" "All our righteousnesses are as filthy rags." Isa.64:6

Verse 19  Expanded Bible Comments

And woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days!
QuestionAnswer
What does this verse mean? D575

Verse 20  Expanded Bible Comments

But pray you that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day:
QuestionAnswer
What is meant by "in the winter?" In the Time of Trouble. D578:1-D579:2.
When is "the sabbath day? The Seventh Millenium, the Day of the Lord, The Thousand Years, The Day of our Lord's Second Presence. D579
Why be concerned if your flight is in the winter?
The "winter" is the great Time of Trouble which we entered in 1914. When we remember that the Harvest is the gathering of those who were wheat already, then it would seem that the Little Flock would have faithfully obeyed the command to "come out of her my people" prior to 1914. We also remember that this is when the "four winds" were let loose, and that indicates that the 144,000 had been "sealed in their foreheads" by that time. If your "flight" from Mystic Babylon takes place during WWI, it implies that you waited too long and were likely relegated to the Great Company.
By then end of WWI, the church-state union system that comprised Christendom no longer existed. Therefore those who came out of the relegious systems after that time would not have been included in this expression of our Lord.
Why be concerned if your flight is on the sabbath day? The "sabbath day" is the seventh 1,000 year day, the Millennial Age. This indicates that it is the day of our Lord's Presence, "I stand at the door and knock." (Rev. 3:20") It is therefore during the Laodicean (or 7th) stage of the church. It was to the Philadelphia (or 6th) stage of the church that the message was given: "I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which is to come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth." (Rev. 3:10) In other words, those of Laodicea are NOT spared from this "hour of temptation" when it is more difficult to escape Babylon.

Verse 21  Expanded Bible Comments

For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.
QuestionAnswer
When is this "great tribulation" to occur? During the "time of the end." Dan. 11:40; Dan. 12:1.
How is this "tribulation" different from previous ones? In the past there were tribulations (plagues.) However, these basically came one at a time. During the "great tribulation" they (the seven last plagues) come and continue to the point where all are active at the same time, giving no time to recover. See Trumpets and Plagues
Is there anything hopeful in our Lord's declaration here? "Nor ever shall be."

Verse 22  Expanded Bible Comments

And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened.
QuestionAnswer
What is meant by "those days?" The days of the "great tribulation."
What is meant by "no flesh should be saved?" There appear to be two answers to this question – both could be true.
  1) The tribulation could get so great that the human race would be in danger of becoming extinct.
  2) The depravity of man could get so bad that even the process of walking up the highway of holiness would not be enough to save mankind.
What is meant by "for the elect's sake those days shall be shortened?" As before, there appear to be two answers.
  1) Pastor Russell taught that this should read "by the elect those days shall be shortened." I was unable to find any translation which agreed with this. So, looking for an answer matching "for the elect's sake..," came up with the following: The elect (church) is the Bride of Christ. He is the "everlasting father" of the human race and as His Bride the church becomes the everlasting mother. The human race will become her children. Therefore the necessity of them being kept from reaching such a depraved state that the process of the kingdom would not be enough to bring tham back to harmony with God.
  2) After having realized the above (1) to be true, we then took another look at how Br. Russell translated this as "by the elect" and discovered that, despite finding no translation which agreed with this, the words translated as "for the elect's sake" could just as easily have been translated as "by the elect." In other words, Br. Russell was right all along.

Verses 23-26 contain words of warning against false Christs
[23] Then if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there; believe it not. [24] For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall show great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect. [25] Behold, I have told you before. [26] Wherefore if they shall say unto you, Behold, he is in the desert; go not forth: behold, he is in the secret chambers; believe it not.

Verse 23  Expanded Bible Comments

Then if any man shall say unto you, Lo, here is Christ, or there; believe it not.
QuestionAnswer
When is "Then..?" During "the time of the end" and especially during the day of the Lord's Presence. D580
At that time, why are we not to believe when someone says "here is Christ, or there?" What about when Br. Russell told us that "Christ is here, he has returned?" What our Lord was warning His disciples (including us) about was the false idea that men would be able to see Jesus with their natural eyes. R711

Verse 24  Expanded Bible Comments

For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall show great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall deceive the very elect.
QuestionAnswer
What are false Christs? False Messiah's. – R4872; NS44
What are false prophets? False teachers. NS44
What "great signs and wonders?" Healing, speaking tongues, Christian Science, etc. R1736
What would be the effect of these "signs and wonders?" Great deception upon many.
How would these impact the Lord's people? "If it were possible, they should decieve the very elect."

Based upon discussion at the end of last weeks meeting, please consider the following topic: Warnings.

Verse 25  Expanded Bible Comments

Behold, I have told you before.
QuestionAnswer
What did our Lord mean by this? You have been forewarned, therefore be prepared, do not be taken unawares.

Verse 26  Expanded Bible Comments

Wherefore if they shall say unto you, Behold, he is in the desert; go not forth: behold, he is in the secret chambers; believe it not.
QuestionAnswer
"If they shall say.." Who are "they?" The false teachers.
Have any actually expected to see Jesus "in the desert?" B157.
What is meant by "he is in the secret chambers?" Secret societies, séances (calling upon spirits) and the like.

In verse 27 our Lord reaches their question regarding his parousia
[27] For as the bright shining cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the presence of the Son of man be. [28] For wheresoever the carcase is, there will the eagles be gathered together. [29] Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken: [30] And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. [31] And he shall send his angels with a great trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.

Verse 27  Expanded Bible Comments

For as the bright shining cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the presence of the Son of man be.
QuestionAnswer
The KJV says "as the lightening cometh out of the east, and shineth unto the west.." What is the Greek word here used for "lightening" and what is its meaning? Does this verse itself contain any hint as to the true meaning of the word?
Strong's G796
ἀστραπή
astrapē
as-trap-ay'
From G797; lightning; by analogy glare: - lightning, bright shining.
"Lightening" rarely begins in the east and shines to the west. But there is a "Bright Shining" that comes on a regular basis which shines from the east to the west, i.e., the Sun. In Luke 11:36 this word is translated "bright shining." – Try using "lightening" in that verse to see how inappropriate a translation it would be.
The verse continues (KJV): "so shall also the coming of the Son of man be." What is the Greek word here translated "coming" and how should it be translated?
Strong's G3952
παρουσία
parousia
par-oo-see'-ah
From the present participle of G3918; a being near, that is, advent (often, return; specifically of Christ to punish Jerusalem, or finally the wicked); (by implication) physical aspect: - coming, presence.
This word should always be translated as "presence." See Verse 3..
What difference does it make by correcting the words from "lightening" and "coming" to "bright shining" and "presence?" Changing "lightening" to "bright shining" indicates that the Lord's second advent should not be thought of as a moment in time (as lightening) but as a period of time (as the sun traveling accross the sky.) Changing "coming" to "presence" tells us that the signs indicated are to tell us that the Lord is here, not on the way. "Behold, I stand at the door and knock.."Rev. 3:20

Verse 28  Expanded Bible Comments

For wheresoever the carcase is, there will the eagles be gathered together.
QuestionAnswer
Who are "the eagles?"
Strong's G105
ἀετός
aetos
ah-et-os'
From the same as G109; an eagle (from its wind like flight): - eagle.
The following is from Wikipedia:
"Old World vultures found in Africa, Asia, and Europe belong to the family Accipitridae, which also includes eagles, kites, buzzards, and hawks.
Old World vultures find carcasses exclusively by sight."
When in flight an eagle (vulture) is graceful, a thing of beauty. When on the ground it is often considered to be somewhat repulsive.
What is "the carcase?" A carcase is a dead body.
Why are they "gathered together" at "the carcase?" This is their food. They come together to eat, to feast.
What is the symbolic meaning of this verse?
The "eagles" or "vultures" picture the saints of God. They are looking for the body of Truth (based on the Ransom, our slain Lord Jesus) and all the associated doctrines that comprise "present truth," a.k.a., the Harvest Message. This body is already slain, i.e., the eagles did not kill it themselves. It was provided for them by the Lord God.
When the world sees them "eating," studying and discussing these Truths, they do not find any beauty in them (
Isa. 53:2 )even as it found no beauty in our Lord. After eating they have renewed spiritual strength. Psa. 103:5

Verse 29  Expanded Bible Comments

Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
QuestionAnswer
The tribulation of what days? Of "those days," the 1260 years leading to "the time of the end" (Dan. 11:35,40; 12:1,) the time of Papal persecution, 539-1799 A.D. "The tribulation referred to is that of verse 9, and not that of verse 21." – R711
First Consider the Literal Fulfillments
Explain "the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light." R711
Explain "the stars shall fall from heaven." D588-590
Now Consider the Symbolic (and much more important) Fulfillments
Explain "the sun shall be darkened." The sun is symbolic of the Gospel Light. The thought here is that the Gospel Message of Truth would be made dark. This has taken place throughout the Gospel Age, especially during the "Dark Ages." This darkness has been made greater by the acceptance within the nominal church of the teaching of Evolution. While we may not care about how the lower creation was made, when it comes to man the Bible is direct. Man was created in the image of God. (Gen. 1:26-27) His fall from perfection made necessary the Ransom. The teaching of Evolution denies the need for a Redeemer. – Very dark indeed.
What is meant by "the moon shall not give her light." The Moon has no light of its own. Its light is a reflection of the Sun's light. So in symbolic language, the moon pictures the Light of the Mosaic Law. It is not the Gospel of Christ, but it has many references to that light.
When viewed from Earth, the Sun and the Moon appear to be exactly the same size. According to astronomers this is "an incredible cosmic coincidence." We see how appropriate this is in God's symbology. The world looks into the sky (the heavens) and they see two religions. The Sun (Christianity) and the Moon (Judaism.) To them they are the same size, i.e., they are both just religions.
In fact, to the world there is another religion, i.e., the Muslim religion. Its symbol is the Crescent Moon – but still the moon and as such it appears to many to be just like the Sun (Christianity) and the Moon (Judaism.)
Explain "the stars shall fall from heaven." D590:5 The "stars" of heaven are the teachers within the Church, primarily "Rev. 21:14" This applies to the true Apostles and to the False. – D593; Rev. 2:2
Explain "the powers of heaven shall be shaken." The "powers of heaven" refers to the powers that control Ecclesiastism. D594-D596

Verse 30  Expanded Bible Comments

And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
QuestionAnswer
When is "then?" During the time of our Lord's Presence.
What is "the sign of the Son of Man" and where does it "appear?" D597:4
What is meant by "then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn?" "Tribes" is Strong's G5443.
Strong's G5443
φυλή
phulē
foo-lay'
From G5453 (compare G5444); an offshoot, that is, race or clan: - kindred, tribe.
The Old Testament equivalent is:
Strong's H4940
מִשְׁפָּחָה
mishpâchâh
mish-paw-khaw'
From H8192 (compare H8198); a family, that is, circle of relatives; figuratively a class (of persons), a species (of animals) or sort (of things); by extension a tribe or people: - family, kind (-red).
We determine this by comparing a Greek translation of Gen. 12:3 ("in thee shall all families (H4940) of the earth be blessed.") The Greek word used is G5443. – In other words, this passage could easily read "then shall all the families of the earth mourn." This helps us to place our Lord's words in proper context. Those that "mourn" because of the "Son of man," are exactly the same as those covered by the Abrahamic Promise! (Gen. 12:3)
This indicates exactly what other Bible texts say, i.e., Our Lord's second advent brings trouble before it brings peace.
If Jesus is "the Prince of Peace," why would "all the tribes (families) of the earth mourn?" Doesn't His return correspond with "the times of restitution of all things?" Acts 3:20-21 Yes, the return of Christ does indeed correspond to the beginning of the times of restitution. The tribes (families) of the earth are the very ones He comes to bless. The problem is that there is another ruler already in charge of earth's affairs. Satan does not give up his control without a fight. The struggle between the real super powers (Satan and Christ) is what creates the trouble in both the earth (society) and the nominal heavens (churchianity.) SM421:1; Zeph. 3:8-9
What is meant by "coming in the clouds of heaven?" Clouds picture trouble. Heaven refers to the ecclesiastical heavens, the nominal church. This is indicating that the Lord's return will cause trouble in the nominal church systems.
Does the world of mankind actually "see" Jesus? No more than they now see angels, but they will perceive Him. John 14:19
How do they "see" him coming "in power and great glory?" By the eyes of their understanding. D600

With the election coming this Tuesday, how should we, the Lord's people, view it?
R5305 – Sep. 1913

Verse 31  Expanded Bible Comments

And he shall send his angels with a great trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
QuestionAnswer
Who is it that "sends his angels?" "The Son of man."
Who are "his angels?" The still earth-bound saints.
What is the "great trumpet?" The antitypical Jubilee trumpet, the Kingdom message of Restitution. D601
What do these "angels" gather? "His elect." – The saints.
From where do they "gather" them? "From the four winds." From every direction, from all denominations. – R711
What is indicated by "from one end of heaven to the other?" From one end of the nominal church to the other.

[32] Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, you know that summer is nigh: [33] So likewise you, when you shall see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors. [34] Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled. [35] Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away. [36] But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only. [37] But as the days of Noah were, so shall also the presence of the Son of man be. [38] For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, [39] And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the presence of the Son of man be. [40] Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left. [41] Two grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left. [42] Watch therefore: for you know not what hour your Lord doth come. [43] But know this, that if the goodman of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched, and would not have suffered his house to be broken up. [44] Therefore be you also ready: for in such an hour as you think not the Son of man cometh.

Verse 32  Expanded Bible Comments

Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and puts forth leaves, you know that summer is nigh:
QuestionAnswer
What is a parable? Parable.
Who or what is pictured by "the fig tree?" R5503.
"When his branch is yet tender." What does that mean? In the literal sense, a branch is "tender" when it is young, (normally in the early spring.)
What is pictured by "Puts forth leaves?" One of the indications that the branch is indeed young is that its leaves begin to show, but it is not yet time for fruit. The putting forth of leaves is a sign of life.
If "summer is nigh," what time of year is it? D602 footnote – Winter

Verse 33  Expanded Bible Comments

So likewise you, when you shall see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors.
QuestionAnswer
Why does Jesus use the term "so likewise ye?" In like, or similar manner.
"So likewise you.." Who is "you?" He was speaking to his disciples, the ones who asked him the three questions which he was in the process of answering.
What things are the "you" class to see? "All these things." All the things he has been telling them about from verse 4 onward.
"Know that it is near." What is "it?" The Kingdom of God, that which Jesus was always instructing his disciples about.
Why did Jesus add "even at the doors?" This is a common phrase indicating it is just about to happen. We may consider his words to the church at Laodicea in Rev. 3:20 "Behold, I stand at the door and knock."

Begin Here November 18, 2018

Verse 34  Expanded Bible Comments

Verily I say unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be fulfilled.
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What is meant by a "generation" in this context?
Strong's G1074
γενεά
genea
ghen-eh-ah'
From (a presumed derivative of) G1085; a generation; by implication an age (the period or the persons): - age, generation, nation, time.
Strong's G1085
γένος
genos
ghen'-os
From G1096; kin (abstractly or concretely, literally or figuratively, individually or collectively): - born, country (-man), diversity, generation, kind (-red), nation, offspring, stock.
1 Peter 2:9
Was Jesus speaking of the generation of His day, or a future generation?
How can we be sure of our answer?

Verse 35  Expanded Bible Comments

Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.
QuestionAnswer
What is meant by "heaven" and "earth?" The symbolic heaven and the symbolic earth.
How could these "pass away?" Ecc. 1:4(symbolic earth) (symbolic heaven)
"My words shall not pass away." Is Jesus saying that His words are more important than those of anyone else, even God? John 14:10; John 8:26-28.

Verse 36  Expanded Bible Comments

But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.
QuestionAnswer
To what day and hour does our Lord refer in this verse? E36.
Did our Lord say that He would know the day and hour? B18.
What about the Angels? Did any of them know the day and hour? If so, who?
Did anyone know the day and hour? If so, who? 1 John 3:20

Verse 37  Expanded Bible Comments

But as the days of Noah were, so shall also the presence of the Son of man be.
QuestionAnswer
Where was Noah during "the days of Noah?"
Where is Jesus during "the presence of the Son of man?"

Verses 38-39  Expanded Bible Comments

For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, [39] And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the presence of the Son of man be.
QuestionAnswer
Just a quick reminder, where was Noah "in the days that were before the flood?"
Who are "they" in this verse?
What was going on during the days before the flood?
For how long was this going on? (Gen. 6:3)
"And knew not.." Knew not what?
How long did they "not know?"
Was the comparison between the days of Noah and the coming of Jesus at the Second Advent?
What was the comparison?
What is the significance of Noah entering the ark? Gen. 7:15-16.
How does this translate to our day?
Are the conditions (for both the world and for the saints) the same as in Br. Russell's day or different? Please explain.

Verse 40  Expanded Bible Comments

Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
QuestionAnswer
What is "the field?"
Where are these "taken" to?
Why two?

Verse 41  Expanded Bible Comments

Two grinding at the mill; the one shall be taken, and the other left.
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Verse 42  Expanded Bible Comments

Watch therefore: for you know not what hour your Lord doth come.
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Verse 43  Expanded Bible Comments

But know this, that if the goodman of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched, and would not have suffered his house to be broken up.
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Verse 44  Expanded Bible Comments

Therefore be you also ready: for in such an hour as you think not the Son of man cometh.
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[45] Who then is the faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season? [46] Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing. [47] Verily I say unto you, That he shall make him ruler over all his goods. [48] But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming; [49] And shall begin to smite his fellowservants, and to eat and drink with the drunken; [50] The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of, [51] And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.

Verse 45  Expanded Bible Comments

Who then is the faithful and wise servant, whom his lord hath made ruler over his household, to give them meat in due season?
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Verse 46  Expanded Bible Comments

Blessed is that servant, whom his lord when he cometh shall find so doing.
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Verse 47  Expanded Bible Comments

Verily I say unto you, That he shall make him ruler over all his goods.
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Verse 48  Expanded Bible Comments

But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delayeth his coming;
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Verse 49  Expanded Bible Comments

And shall begin to smite his fellowservants, and to eat and drink with the drunken;
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Verse 50  Expanded Bible Comments

The lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looketh not for him, and in an hour that he is not aware of,
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Verse 51  Expanded Bible Comments

And shall cut him asunder, and appoint him his portion with the hypocrites: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
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Chapter 23   Chapter 25