Revelation Chapter 11 [KJVwc]

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1 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. A reed – The Golden Rule. NS589:6

Golden Rod. CR449:2

Measure – The Lord is measuring us with his law of love; and we are being measured to see to what extent we are of the right dimensions and properly in harmony with the arrangement of the Lord's plan. CR449:4

The temple of God – You and I are that Temple. CR449:2

Alford holds that the naos tou Theou is here to be taken symbolically, meaning "the church of the elect servants of God." R638:5*


2 But the court which is outside of the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months. Forty and two months – From 539 AD, when ecclesiastical power attained persecuting ability, and ended 1799 AD. R5742:1

1,260 days, three and a half times or years. Beginning in 539 AD, and ending in 1798 AD, at the time when Napoleon Bonaparte took the Pope of Rome prisoner to Paris. R5751:3, 5741:6, 4741:2, 389:2*; NS29:2

The long period of time when the true Church was eclipsed by the success of Babylon marked a time of great spiritual drouth. R5741:6, 5751:3, 4741:2, 557:3; B256

In another sense from the Council of Nice and the Nicean creed 325 AD to 1585 AD when the Bible was neglected. R5742:1


3 And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth. Two witnesses – The Old and New Testaments. C122; D268; R5718:1, 5628:6, 5565:2, 529:4*; HG22:2

Faithfully they have borne their testimony to every nation. D258

The two Covenants, the one graven on stone and the other on the fleshly tables of the heart, the Old and the New Covenant, or Testament. HG78:4

The Scriptures do claim to be the Word of God, though their authority by no means depends upon the finding of that expression in the Scriptures. R1584:3

In sackcloth – In the sackcloth of the dead languages. C122, C50; R5718:1, 244:4*

Kept from the people by legal enactments, and under the veil of a dead language. HG78:6


4 These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth. Two olive trees – The Old and the New Testaments, the old and the new Covenants. D652; R2521:5, 1491:1

Two candlesticks – Compare Zech. 4:1-14. R2521:6


5 And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed.
6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy: and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will. Rain not – As during Elijah's hiding in the wilderness there was no rain, so in the Church's experiences there was a spiritual drouth for 1260 years ending in 1798. R5751:3

7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them. The beast – The infancy of the Commune developed under such monsters as Dupont and Robespierre. HG22:1

Ascendeth out – Meaning only a freedom from religious restraint. HG22:2

Make war – During the French Revolution of 1793 to 1796. HG22:2

Kill them – In the terrible scenes of the French Revolution, the closing part of the woe under the Sixth Trumpet. HG78:3

By legal enactment, abolished by law. HG78:6


8 And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. The great city – Babylon. D608[D608]

Called Sodom – Lot's wife, after starting to flee as directed, "looked back," coveting the things behind. So it is with some now fleeing from Babylon. D608[D608]


9 And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves. Three days and an half – For 3 years, during that greatly infidel revolution which swept over Europe at the close of the 18th century. HG78:6

10 And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.
11 And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them.
12 And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them. They ascended – After 1799. R5565:2

The Old and New Testaments were lifted up in the sight of the people. R5565:2

Between 1803 and 1813 many of our great Bible Societies were organized. The printing of the Bible in every language in a cheap form was commenced. R5565:3, 5752:5; C50, C51

Up to heaven – To a position of great influence and dignity never before enjoyed. R5565:2

The place of honor and power. R5718:1

The place of honor and authority in the church. R529:4*

The Bible societies have made the Bible a living reality among "all peoples, and tongues, and nations, and languages." HG78:6


13 And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven. Tenth part – Babylon is represented as being divided into ten different wards, each of which represents one of the kingdoms of Christendom, and which corresponds to the ten horns of the symbolic "beast." SM405:4

France, one of the "ten." HG79:1

Of men – "Of men's names" (Margin). All titles, both in church and state, were reduced to the one common name of "citizen." HG79:1


14 The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.
Seventh Trumpet

15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever. Seventh angel sounded – The great High Priest himself blows the Trumpet. NS435:1

The proclamation and the time of trouble together constitute the trump of God. HG81:4

"The Last Trumpet," "The Trump of God" is as much symbolic as were its predecessors. Its fulfillment extends through a period of 1,000 years. R2992:5, 579:6; B148

The seventh trump of John, and the last trump of Paul, are one and the same. One begins with "great voices," and the other with a "shout." One is called "the trump of God," and the other the trump which introduces the events of the day of the Lord. HG80:6

Called the Trump of God, probably because during its period of time God exercises his great power over the nations. R368:5

Possibly because introducing the special judgments of God connected with the setting up of his kingdom. R263:4, 19:4

Corresponding to Paul's "shout" and "trumpet." (1 Thes. 4:16) R668:1

That trumpet is now [1915] sounding. R5632:2, 529:2*

We are living in the days of the voice of the seventh angel. PT356:1*

Its beginning, we understand, was in 1878, and its termination will be a thousand years future from that date. R2992:6

We understand it began in 1875, and will continue for a thousand years. NS58:5

It began in 1874 and will continue to sound, to be a proclamation of Jubilee, to all for a thousand years. NS434:6; D601

The Sixth Trumpet ended Aug. 11, 1840. Since then we have been living under the "Seventh Trumpet," which continues until 1914. R368:5, 152:6; 80:2

Aug. 11, 1840 is the end of "hour, and a day, and a month, and a year" of Rev. 9:15. HG78:1

In August 1840, the combined fleets of the Allies knocked at the door of the Sultan at Constantinople. On that very day, the independence of the Turkish empire virtually ended. HG76:2

It covers the entire period of the Millennial reign of Christ, as indicated by the events which are to transpire under it. B149

We are now living under the sounding of the Seventh Trumpet, during which the resurrection of the Church is due. R845:2*, 194:4, 152:6

With the beginning of this Trumpet began the "harvest" and the reaping and separating. D601

Christian people in general understand that five of these Trumpets have already "sounded" and are in the past--we would say six. R2992:5

It covers "the great Day of his Wrath"--the time of judgment upon the kingdoms of this world--the pouring out of the "seven vials" of his wrath. R263:4

The completion of the Church is obtained under the sounding of the Seventh Trumpet. R256:3

It is the time of the Lord's presence and reign; the time for gathering the Church, both from the grave and from among the living; for the overthrow of the powers that be, and establishing the new power; then the awakening and judging of the nations. R845:3*

These events do not all succeed each other, requiring that one can be finished before the other can begin, but several parts of the work progress simultaneously. R845:3*

The events it introduces are visible to the eyes of the understanding of such as have had their eyes anointed with the eye-salve of truth (Rev. 3:18), and whose senses are exercised by reason of use. (Heb. 5:14) R834:4

If the seventh trump were to make a sound on the air, it would be out of harmony with the other six of the series. R580:1, 263:4; D601

The seventh trump is divided into two parts. In the first the closing message of the gospel was to be given; while the woe, the time of trouble, angry nations, the resurrection and rewards, belong to the latter part. HG79:1

The effect of the Trumpet on those who hear it varies. NS434:6

Great voices – The archangel [Michael] is connected with the trump of God, and the "voice of the archangel" is of the same character as the voices of the other. HG81:1

The living members of the Church are evidently the active agents of the Lord's service. R2994:2

The volumes of Millennial Dawn have to some extent been such voices, announcing the Kingdom; also the tracts. R2994:2

Saying – That proclamation has been sounding for the last 38 years [1878]. HG79:1

Kingdoms of this world – God, during the present evil world, not only permits Satan to be its prince, but also permits the earthly governments of his appointing, leaving his Church and all men for a time under their control. R362:5

The powers that be today are styled Christ's kingdom, "Christendom," but they are really "kingdoms of this world." R4956:2, 5715:5; OV359:3

Kingdoms of the Gentiles. R4795:3, 5489:3, 4799:3; SM418:1

The most civilized of the kingdoms are no more than what the Scriptures term "kingdoms of this world," more or less under the power or dominion of the prince of this world, Satan. NS663:6

No nation on the face of the earth can now be said to have God's special fatherly providence over it; for there is no nation even claiming to be the sons of God. R1561:6

God's word denounces all the governments of earth as selfish, oppressive, and beastly, and recognizes only one kingdom as being of God's appointment--the kingdom soon to be established in all the earth. R318:6

Satan is the prince of the this world. These kingdoms of this world, therefore, are under Satan's princeship. R5853:6; A68; CR426:2; OV193:1, 342:2

Though the United States' government is undoubtedly the best on earth today, its machinery is generally used for the benefit of the comparatively few, and actual justice is seldom realized. R1096:2*

Are become – The time has come. The kingdoms of this world belong to our Lord and his Christ. HG79:1

Greek, ginomia. The true rendering is "the kingdoms of this world shall be, or are to become, the kingdoms of our Lord." HG79:4

Soon [1912]. R4956:5

The time is nigh at hand for the setting up of Christ's Kingdom. NS691:5; R5489:5

Soon Satan's power must wane. When, in God's plan, evil has served its designed purposes, the Lord will take to himself his great power and reign. R254:6; A75

Satan must first be bound, restrained and deposed before Christ's reign of righteousness and peace can be established. A69

By "breaking in pieces," throwing down, the kingdoms of this world. R409:3, 268:5, 26:1

The trouble of the nations during the "Day of the Lord" is a natural consequence of this transfer of authority. R409:3, 592:2, 26:1

The transfer of kingdoms will be accomplished by a great time of trouble. A68

He awaits the Father's appointed time--the limit of the Gentile Times--before he will take his great power and begin his glorious reign. B87

The gathering to Armageddon would immediately precede Messiah's taking to himself his great power and beginning his reign. OV276:1; SM238:1

The year AD 1878, being the parallel of his assuming power and authority in the type, clearly marks the time for the actual assuming of power as King of kings, by our present Lord. B239

As soon as the harvest of the Gospel age shall have been garnered, "the kingdoms of this world" shall, during a great time of trouble, "become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ." R5097:3

After the great time of trouble, when the "Times of the Gentiles" will have been fulfilled, due to be accomplished by the year 1915. R3113:3

The Scriptures identify this "great time of trouble" with Messiah taking to himself his Kingdom power and beginning his reign. OV321:3, 324:1

The "Times of the Gentiles" are nearly at an end and the time of Messiah's theocratic government is at hand. NS849:6; R5489:5

It is not until about the close of the Seventh Trumpet's sounding that the kingdoms of earth become the kingdoms of our Lord and his anointed (Body--Church.) R318:6

He has taken to himself his great power and his reign is commenced, consequently we may soon expect the wrath and anger of the nations. R287:5

Thus he becomes "governor among the nations." (Psa. 22:8) HG15:6

The period of time during which the present dominion of Satan shall become the Kingdom of God's dear Son, will be a specially evil day, in which all the children of light shall be crucially tested. R5097:5

"I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms, and I will destroy the strength of the kingdom of the nations." (Hag. 2:22) R592:3

First they must be brought to submission by chastisement, and then we read that all people, nations and languages shall serve him. (Dan. 7:14, 27) R592:3

Papacy claims that when the kingdoms of earth accepted Papacy's overruling authority this Scripture was fulfilled. R305:2

The kingdoms – The "nation" of Isa. 9:3. R2550:3

Of our Lord – Declaring the Lord's presence at the time when the events mentioned transpire. B149

It is in that Kingdom only that the saints have their citizenship; it alone they recognize, and for it pray: "Thy kingdom come." R318:6

"One like the Son of man came in the clouds of heaven, and there was given him dominion, and glory and a kingdom." (Dan. 7:14) HG12:6

"Ask of me and I will give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession; and thou shalt break them with a rod of iron." (Psa. 2:8) HG13:3

Of his Christ – His Body, his anointed, the Church. R532:3, 318:6, 5:1; A75

"The saints of the Most High shall take the kingdom (dominion) and possess the kingdom forever." (Dan. 7:18) R26:1

Papacy claims that the anointed are the line of Popes. R305:2

For ever and ever – That is, being associated with the Father, Christ (and we in him) shall always belong to the reigning and ruling power. R419:1, 165:3

But in the especial sense of ruling over and subduing earth, the reign is limited to the period of time necessary to the restoring of all earth's people and affairs. R419:1


16 And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God,
17 Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned. Lord God Almighty – Represented in Christ--"All things are of the Father, and all things are by the Son"--his honored representative. D622

Thou – As the representative of Jehovah. NS22:1

Hast taken – Now [1915]. R5715:6, 757:5; OV386:4

Soon [May 1914]. R5458:5, 2761:4

The Kingdom reign begins before Babylon falls. D623

We still wait for the completion of the Church when, the due time having come, he "shall take unto himself his great power and reign." R2935:3, 1771:3, 1685:5

Exalted to the right hand of divine favor he waits only for the Father's time to take to himself his great power and reign. SM732:1

The reign begins before the time of trouble and before the resurrection of the saints and prophets, and continues for a thousand years. D622

The manner of taking this power will be by truth binding error. R331:2

Light and knowledge will so increase that all forms of error and evil will be finally dispelled by "the bright shining of the present one." (2 Thes. 2:8) R247:6

This taking of control is described by Jesus in a parable (Mark 3:27); and again in Rev. 20:2. R255:1

"At that time shall Michael [Christ] stand up [assume control]...and there shall be a time of trouble such as never was since there was a nation." (Dan. 12:1) D579

Thy great power – Infallible laws will be rigorously enforced. R1163:6

When the elect company is selected, and exalted to power with Christ their Head, they shall break in pieces the shackles by which Satan has so long oppressed the world. R820:6; OV49:3

"All power is given to me in heaven and in earth." (Matt. 28:18) R1352:2

Hast reigned – Although Christ was 1800 years ago declared worthy to become King, he has not yet taken office in the full sense of the word, but is waiting for the completion of the Church. R5715:5

The time is come for Messiah to take the dominion of earth and to overthrow the oppressors and corrupters of earth. R817:4; OV386:4

Jesus took the office of King in 1878. R3823:3

Christ has come. He has entered upon his reign. R529:2*

He has come at last, and a few armed and liberated by his truth have recognized him and are assembling to his standard. R438:2

Even though the Kingdom may be considered as begun from the time that the King began the exercise of his great power in 1878; it will not be "set up" until the last member of the Kingdom has been changed. R5193:1, 2272:4, 1290:5

When we are complete he shall take to himself his great power and reign. R419:1, 5034:5, 532:3, 165:3

Christ will reign during the Millennium. We all know that Christ has not reigned yet. If Christ was reigning now we would not have the great systems of evil in the earth. Q805:1

"Yet I [Jehovah] have established my King upon Zion, my holy mountain [kingdom]." (Psa. 2:6) R1385:3


18 And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth. Nations were angry – Proof of the fact that the Day of the Lord will be a great day of trouble and of destruction to every form of evil. A324

It naturally makes both people and rulers angry to intimate that the Devil is the prince of these governments. R319:1

Terrible indeed will it be to those, to find their organizations crumbling and their laws and creeds torn to shreds and their "standards" and "authorities" losing power, being cast off and disregarded. R247:6

In the present [1915] disturbance of Europe. R5715:6[R5715]

In this war and the terrible Armageddon which will follow it. SM412:3

The nations are angry now! They act as if they were bereft of common sense. R5632:2

As a consequence of the reign begun. D623

Because its social, financial, political and religious conditions and arrangements will not square with the Lord's line and plummet of righteousness. R2992:6

The very work which our Lord is to do at the beginning of his reign will be to correct the wrongs then prevailing. R5573:6

Note the same results in the "standing up" of Michael, the archangel, in Dan. 12:1. R668:1, 490:6

While not saying that there will be war amongst the nations, it seems to give color to the thought that there will be a contention--war. NS58:5

The kingdoms of this world become our Lord's only by conquest. HG80:1

The earth will be far from being a blessed condition at our Lord's second advent. R5573:6

Therefore not the conversion of the world through preaching the gospel. If converted, they would not be thus hostile. R532:3, 256:3, 5:2; A94; B101; HG13:3; 80:1; 149:5; 342:5; 669:3; Q852:2

At the Lord's second coming the world will be unconverted. R5052:6; Q753:2

The nations will not have been healed when Christ takes the Kingdom. R477:2

The anger of the nations at the time of the second adv; will not necessarily be against the Lord; but rather the spirit of selfishness, which will break forth as a consuming fire. Q753:2

Thy wrath is come – A national judgment and wrath upon the nations. R2993:4

The time of the pouring out of the "seven vials" of God's wrath. R580:1

A day of wrath unmixed with mercy; a time when men will call and God will not answer. HG84:1

Following that "Day of Wrath" shall come the promised blessing. R2935:3

The time of the dead – The object of the establishment of the Kingdom. R2993:1

The whole human family which came under the divine sentence of death. R2993:1

The whole dead world will be dealt with during the thousand years of Christ's reign. R5567:5

They should be judged – That they should have their trial for life or for death everlasting. R2993:3

If they have not already been judged, why should they be dead? R2993:1

They cannot be judged without his words, and the vast majority have not thus far been enabled to hear their Redeemer's wonderful words of life. R2993:2

This will not be the time for the judgment of the Church, for that takes place in the present age. R2993:3

The Church are the first to receive their judgment, the decision in their case. For the world God has appointed a thousand-year day. (Acts 17:31; 2 Pet. 3:8) R5563:6

Full recompenses, either rewards or punishments, are not to be expected before the resurrection. R1881:4; HG334:1

Therefore those who have "fallen asleep" have not already gone to their reward. HG347:4

Receive their proper rewards and punishments and be righteously dealt with. R5567:5

Give reward – Implies their resurrection, since they could not be rewarded while dead. R845:3

The reward is "eternal life" to them who seek for it "by patient continuance in well-doing." (Rom. 2:7) R10:5*

The time of "reward" of all that fear God's name is identical with the Day of Wrath. The Seventh Trumpet includes both and extends to 1914. R116:1*

The closing work of the Gospel age, or antitypical Atonement Day. R159:5*

The prophets – The Ancient Worthies. R5563:6, 2993:4

The time when the prophets and others will be rewarded will be at the return of our Lord Jesus. R4142:5*, 1881:5; HG334:2

"Every man in his own order." (1 Cor. 15:23) R180:6*, 81:5*

The order of prophets are first mentioned in the order of giving rewards. R172:2

The whole Church--prophets, saints, and them that fear his name, small and great. R58:4*

It does not follow that, because mentioned or raised first, that the prophets would be in the first resurrection. R227:2

To the saints – All the faithful in Christ Jesus. R2993:4

All the holy ones. R5563:6

This change, or resurrection, will take place in the close of this Gospel age, at or during the sounding the last Trumpet--the Seventh Trumpet. R1260:4

Since the resurrection of the Church must occur some time during the "harvest" period, we reasonably infer that in the spring of 1878 all the "overcomers" were raised spirit beings. C234

During the Gospel dispensation, and by the spirit of Christ, the members of the Body are being prepared, and during the sounding of the Seventh Trumpet they will all be rewarded. R22:6*

Them that fear thy name – The world of mankind. They will be judged, have the decision passed upon them, according to the way in which they will conduct themselves under the Millennial conditions. R5563:6

Showing the reward of all who will come into harmony with the Lord during the thousand years. R5567:6, 2993:4, 2935:3

All the children of Adam, bought with the precious blood of Christ, are to be justified from their condemnation and set at liberty. SM616:1

All the sheep class during the Millennium. Q652:T

It is evident that not one kernel of true wheat will be left out of the Kingdom. R116:6*

Small and great – In the widest sense, the Kingdom will gradually include all subjects who obey its laws, while all others will be destroyed. D643

All Christians, whatever their grade of development, are thus included. Some occupy a position with Christ in his throne, while many serve him before the throne. R56:6*

Destroy them – If they shall reject instruction and cling to sin and injustice, they shall be adjudged worthy of the second death. R2993:3

Because (1) all such will always be more or less discontented and unhappy; (2) because they would mar the joy of those who love peace and righteousness; and (3) because God has promised a clean world. R3083:6

The time for the destruction of all evil will be in the future. Q651:1

This verse contains so much that a thousand years will be required for its fulfillment. R5564:1

Destroy Babylon. R159:5*

Which destroy – Which corrupt. R5567:6, 5564:1, 3083:6, 2993:4; D623; F398

The willful sinners, destroying from amongst the people all who will not hear his voice, putting down all sin and all insubordination. F398

Those that give forth a corrupting influence and that refuse to come into harmony with righteousness during the thousand years will be destroyed from amongst the people. R5567:6

Everything that pertains to "the body of sin." (Rom. 6:6) Q652:T


19 And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail. Temple of God – The Church glorified, the heavenly Jerusalem. R638:5*

Testament – This word in the original Greek is the same as the word covenant. PT356:2*

There were lightnings – The voices, and lightnings, and thunder, and earthquake, and hail, at the ending of the Seventh Trumpet and last plague are clearly the same. HG83:6

After the sounding of the Seventh Trumpet some specially clear and open views would be granted of God's glorious Temple, and in connection with this there would also be some illumination upon that. PT356:3*

One issue of the Watch Tower would have one flash, and the next issue would have another flash. PT356:4*

Lightning naturally has three effects: (1) it enlightens or illuminates the way for some; (2) it brings death and disaster to some; (3) it frightens others. PT356:4*

And voices – Following the flashes of light there were discussions by the brethren. PT357:1*

And thunderings – Thunderings give us the idea of rumblings in heavenly places--dissatisfaction and fault-finding. PT357:2*

An earthquake – We find in many places an earthquake-like shaking going on over the subject of the covenants. PT357:3*

The special light upon the covenants and the various experiences therewith were to be a preparation for a great out-pouring of truth. PT357:4*

And great hail – "Stones of congelation"; probably not meteoric stones, but great hail of frozen water. R3344:3*

Just as rain is a symbol of truth, so hail conveys the thought of hard, condensed truth. PT357:4*


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