These Typify Repentances, Vows, Covenants, etc., During the Millennium – The People's Burnt-Offerings – Their Peace-Offerings – Their Meat-Offerings – Their Trespass-Offerings – Male and Female Distinctions to Cease, Shown in the Types.
(1) To what time do the sacrifices of the children of Israel, offered after the Day of Atonement, apply?
To the Mediatorial phase of the Kingdom.
T.93, par. 1 (first five lines).
(2) Is there any sense in which they apply to any other time?
Yes. To a degree they apply during the present time when the church is still in the flesh. Those of the world of mankind who treat the saints well, during this life, even giving them 'a cup of cold water,' shall have blessings come their way, either now or in the Kingdom.
Luke 16:1-8; Matt. 10:42. T.93, par. 1 (commence 5th line).
Those sacrifices which do not belong to the class we denominate
the "Day of Atonement sacrifices," illustrated offerings and sacrifices which belong to the Millennial age.
As, in the type, the "Day of Atonement" sacrifices preceded all others, and were a basis for the general forgiveness and acceptance with God of all Israel, but were followed by other sacrifices by individuals after that day, termed "sin-offerings," "trespass-offerings," "peace-offerings," etc., so will be the antitype. After the sacrifices of this Gospel age have brought "the people," the world, into a justified condition, there will still be sins and trespasses committed which will require confession and reconciliation, making these after-sacrifices necessary.
(3) Why do the Day of Atonement sacrifices precede all others?
Because they are (to be) the basis for all other sacrifices. The world needs to be brought into a justified standing with God before they can be properly dealt with by the Lord.
T.94, par. 1 (down to sixth line).
(4) After the sacrifices of the Gospel Age have brought the world into a justified condition (justified to life-rights) will there still be need for further reconciliation?
Being justified will not make them perfect. They still will have their fallen nature to deal with as they progress up the highway of holiness. Those sins will need to be dealt with by The Christ, even as we now are not perfect but are in a justified condition and our sins need to be confessed and repented of before the Lord in order for us to maintain our standing.
T.94, par. 1 (6th line down).
The Atonement Day sacrifices represented the cancellation of Adamic sin by the sacrifice of the Christ; but during the Millennium, while the benefits of the atonement are being applied to the world, while they are being gradually restored to actual perfection and life and harmony with God, errors will be committed for which they will be in some measure responsible. For such they must make some amends, accompanied by repentance, before they can be again in harmony with God through Christ, their Mediator.
(5) Explain the difference between the Atonement Day sacrifices, offered during the Gospel Age, and the "trespass-offerings," or "sin-offerings," of the world during the Millennial Age.
The Atonement Day sacrifices cancelled Adamic sin. During the Millennium any sins will need to be repented of and forgiveness obtained. These are shown in these subsequent sacrifices.
T.94, par. 2.
Consecration will also be in order in the next age, though, owing to the changed government of the world, consecration will no longer, as now, mean unto death, but on the contrary, it will be unto life; for with the close of the reign of evil comes the end of pain, sorrow and death, except upon evildoers. Consecration must always be a voluntary presentation of one's powers, and hence this is represented in some of the sacrifices after the Atonement Day.
(6) Will "consecration" be in order during the next age?
Yes, consecration is always in order.
and if so how will it differ from consecration now?
It will not be a consecration to death. In the Mediatorial phase of the Kingdom the world of mankind will not have to deal with the three enemies of the New Creation, the world the flesh and the devil. Satan will be restrained until the end of the Millennium. The world will be progressing up the highway of holiness and will not be in opposition to righteousness as it is today. The fallen tendencies of the flesh will be deminished as mankind makes progress. Thus it will be very different from the walk of the New Creation.
T.94, par. 3.
As the basis for all forgiveness of sins in the next age will be the "Day of Atonement" sacrifices, it would be appropriate in the type for the sinner to bring some sacrifice which
would indicate a recognition of the "Day of Atonement" sacrifices, as the ground of forgiveness anew. And so we find that all offerings of the people after the "Day of Atonement" were of a kind which pointed back to or recognized the sacrifices of that day. These offerings might be of cattle or sheep or fowl (turtle doves or young pigeons) or of fine flour – the article offered depending upon the ability of the offerer.
(7) How will the fact be shown in the next age that the people recognize the sacrifices of this age as the basis for the forgiveness of their sins?
They were of a type that pointed back to the sacrifices of the Day of Atonement.
and how was this indicated in the type?
The sacrifices offered by Israel after the Day of Atonement were of Cattle (like the Bullock) or of the sheep (like the Lord's Goat).Some were of fine flour (Lev. 2:4; Lev. 8:26). The significance of Lev. 2:4 is that the cakes must be of fine flour mingled with oil. Lev. 8:26 shows how these cakes (fine flour) were used in the consecration of the priesthood (which constitute the sin-offering class, the Christ). See T46:2.
Some were of fine flour (Lev. 2:4; Lev. 8:26). The significance of Lev. 2:4 is that the cakes must be of fine flour mingled with oil. Lev. 8:26 shows how these cakes (fine flour) were used in the consecration of the priesthood (which constitute the sin-offering class, the Christ). See T46:2.
Lev. 17:1-9; see also Lev. 1-5. T.94, par. 4.
During the Millennial age all men will "come to a knowledge of the truth," and thus to the fullest opportunity of salvation from the curse (condemnation or sentence) of Adamic death. (1 Tim. 2:4) When we remember that this death includes all the sickness, pain and imperfection to which humanity is now subject, we see that God's plan includes a full restoration to human perfection; only those who deliberately refuse or neglect the opportunities then put within the reach of all will die the Second Death. But perfection will come gradually, and it will require the cooperation of the sinner's WILL ever to reach it. He must do what he can to climb up again to perfection, and will have all the assistance necessary. This is shown by these sacrifices in general: they were to be according to every man's ability. However degraded by sin and imperfect, each must, when he comes to a knowledge of the truth, present himself to God, the offering indicating his condition. The dove or pigeon brought by the poorest in the type represented the justified all of the morally poor and degraded; the goat offered by others more able, represented the all of some less degraded; while the bullock represented the all of those who had attained perfection of human nature. Just as a bullock was used to typify the perfect humanity (much fat) of Jesus' sacrifice, and a goat (wayward and lean) was used to represent the imperfect human nature of the saints, in the sacrifices of this Atonement Day, so those animals similarly
represented the offerers (Israel – typical of the believing world in the Millennium) in their consecrations. But it should be remembered that these burnt-offerings and peace-offerings of the future represent the people as consecrating – giving themselves to the Lord. They do not represent sin-offerings to secure atonement, as do the sacrifices of the Day of Atonement. There were indeed trespass-offerings which were in a sense sin-offerings for individuals; but these, as we shall see presently, were wholly different from the national sin-offerings of the Atonement Day.
(8) Will all the blinding influences of the present be done away with during the next age?
I Tim. 2:4; Isa. 29:18; 25:6-8; 11:9; 42:6,7,16; T.95, par. 1 (1st three lines).
(9) What is included in the term "Adamic death"?
All that we inherited from the Fall of Adam, i.e., the dying process, the pain and suffering associated with the curse, and, of course, death itself.
T.95, par. 1 (4th line to 9th).
(10) Will each one of the world be required to cooperate in his own salvation?
Yes. "The soul that sinneth, it shall die." Eze. 18:4,20
T.95, par. 1 (9th line on).
When those of the world of mankind, willing to accept God's grace, shall have been brought to perfection, at the close of the Millennium, there will be no longer any poor in the sense of inability to offer a bullock – in the sense of deficiency of mental, moral or physical ability. All will be perfect men, and their offerings will be their perfect selves typified by bullocks. David, speaking of this, says: "Then shalt thou be pleased with sacrifices of righteousness [of right doing] with burnt-offering and whole burnt-offering; then shall they offer bullocks [perfect sacrifices] upon thine altar." (Psa. 51:19) Yet that David's language should not be understood to teach the restoration of the literal, bloody, typical sacrifices, is evident, for in the same connection he says, "Thou desirest not sacrifice [either typical or antitypical – full atonement for sin having been accomplished by that time "once for all"]...The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise." All these sacrifices must be of the free will and desire of the offerer. Lev. 1:3
(11) When will the people be able to offer "bullocks" to the Lord?
At the end of the Millennium, after mankind has completely walked over the highway of holiness. Isa. 35:8
Psa. 51:19; Lev. 1:3; T.96, par. 1.
The completeness of consecration was shown by the death of the animal – that is, each member of the race must consecrate his will; but it will be followed neither by the destruction of the human nature (the burning of the flesh outside
the camp) nor by the taking of the life into a new nature – into the "Most Holy." Only the priests enter there, as shown in the Atonement sacrifices. No: when consecrated, they are accepted as human beings, and will be perfected as such – their right to life as such having been purchased by the High Priest, in the members of whose Body all the overcoming Church is represented. The consecrations represent an appreciation of the ransom, and the acquiescence of the offerers to the Law of God as the condition upon which they may continue to live everlastingly, in harmony and favor with him.
What level of consecration will be expected of humanity in the next age and how is this shown in the type?
Complete consecration. This is shown by death of the animal.
How does humanity's reward differ from that of the Church class and how is this shown in the type?
That they will not receive a spirit nature reward is indicated by the two things: The flesh of the animal was NOT burned outside the camp, andThe blood (life) of the animal was NOT taken into either the Holy or the Most Holy.
The burnt-offerings of the priests were to be kept up continually on the altar, and the fire never suffered to die out. "This is the law of the burnt-offering: it is the burnt-offering because of the burning upon the altar all night unto the morning, and the fire of the altar shall be burning in it.... It shall not be put out, and the priest shall burn wood on it every morning, and lay the burnt-offering in order upon it. ...The fire shall ever be burning upon the altar; it shall never go out." Lev. 6:9,12,13
(12) Were the "burnt-offerings" of the people, in the type, offered only occasionally?
They were offered continually and the fire was to be kept burning on the (brazen) altar continually.
Lev. 6:9,12,13. T.97, par. 1.
Thus was represented to the mind of each offerer the fact that the altar was already sanctified or set apart, and that their offerings would be acceptable because of God's acceptance of the Atonement Day sacrifices. To this altar the Israelite brought his free will offering, as narrated in Lev. 1. It was made in the usual way: the animal, cut in pieces and washed, was laid, the pieces to the head, on the altar, and wholly burnt, a sacrifice of sweet savor unto the Lord. This would serve to typify a thankful prayer to Jehovah – an acknowledgment of his mercy, wisdom and love, as manifested in the broken Body of the Christ – their ransom.
(13) What did this represent to the mind of each offerer?
That their sacrifices were acceptable because the altar had already been sanctified by God's acceptance of the Day of Atonement sacrifices.
Lev. 1; T.97, par. 2.
This offering was to be of the herd or flock; and it could be made either in fulfilment of a vow (covenant), or as a willing "thank-offering." Part of it was to be brought to Jehovah by the offerer – "His own hands shall bring the offerings of the Lord made by fire; the fat with the breast, it shall he bring"; and the Priest shall burn the fat on the altar, and wave the breast before the Lord. But the breast shall be the Priest's, also the shoulder. The offerer must eat the sacrifice. Lev. 3, and 7:11-18,30-34
This seems to show that if any man will then come into a condition of full peace and harmony (as all must do or else be cut off in the Second Death), he must eat or fulfil a covenant before God of entire consecration to him. If, after being thus perfected, he again becomes defiled by wilful sin, he must die (the Second Death) as shown by the penalty of touching unclean things. (Lev. 7:19-21) Compare Rev. 20:9,13-15.
(14) What was the "peace-offering"?
The peace offering was either the fulfillment of a vow or it was a thank-offering.
and what did it typify?
It typified that all who will live must make a consecration (vow). It must be a free-will offering, as indicated by it being a thank-offering. Indeed, the world of mankind will then be thankful for all the Lord has done for them in bringing them back up the highway of holiness and into harmony with their creator.
Lev. 3; 7:11-18,30-34; 7:19-21; Rev. 20:9,13-15; T.98, par. 1 and 2.
With this sacrifice there was presented an offering of unleavened cakes mingled with oil, and anointed wafers, representing the offerer's faith in Christ's character, which he will copy, and leavened bread indicating his acknowledgment of his own imperfection at the time of consecration – leaven being a type of sin. Lev. 7:11-13
(15) What other offering accompanied the "peace-offering"?
Unleavened cakes mingled with oil, and anointed wafers.
and what did this signify in the antitype?
Cakes (a sweeter bread) mingled with oil. Bread is symbolic of humanity - the flesh. That this is sweeter seems to indicate the elements of a perfect character. It is mingled with oil, the holy spirit. Thus indicating these elements of character are acheived by means of the holy spirit (which will at that time have been poured out upon all flesh - Joel 2:28). The anointed wafer would seem to indicate something similar, perhaps showing more of the faith factor. Even now we taste of the Lord that He is good, so in the next age will those of mankind who come up to human perfection.Why would the individual's sacrifice indlude 'Leavened bread' (Lev. 7:13) since everything else was Un-leavened and mingled with oil?This was an acknowledgment by the one giving this offering that they are not yet perfect, but are making a consecration and are desireous of reaching that state of perfection, which is pleasing to the Lord.
This was an acknowledgment by the one giving this offering that they are not yet perfect, but are making a consecration and are desireous of reaching that state of perfection, which is pleasing to the Lord.
Lev. 7:11-13; T.98, par. 3.
These, of fine flour, unleavened cakes, with oil, etc., were presented to the Lord through the Priest. They probably represented praises and worship offered to the Lord by the world, through his Church. "Unto him be glory in the Church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages." (Eph. 3:21) These were accepted by the priests. A sample being offered
on the altar showed that it was approved by, acceptable to, Jehovah.
(16) What were the "meat-offerings" of the people?
These 'meat' offerings were of fine flour, unleavened cakes mingled with oil.
and what did they represent?
These seemed to represent mankind offering praise to God. Again we note the fact that they are mingled with oil, picturing the holy spirit.
Lev. 2:1-11; 7:9,10; Eph. 3:21; T.98, par. 4.
"If a soul [being] commit a trespass and sin through ignorance in the holy things of the Lord;...if he sin and commit any of these things which are forbidden to be done by the commandments of the Lord, though he wist it not, yet is he guilty, and shall bear his iniquity. And he shall bring a ram without blemish out of the flock," and money according to the priest's estimation of the trespass, with a fifth more, and this shall be his offering. And the Priest shall make an atonement for him. And if any one sin knowingly and damage or defraud his neighbor, he shall restore it in the principal, and shall add the fifth part more thereto (twenty per cent interest) and give it to the wronged one. And he shall bring a ram for the trespass-offering unto the Lord. Lev. 5:15-19; 6:1-7
This teaches that for every wrong restoration must then be made, with interest, and accompanied by repentance or an asking of forgiveness of the Lord, through the Church (Priesthood) – the trespasser's recognition of his own imperfections, and of the value of the ransom, being shown by the ram presented.
(17) What were the "sin-offerings" or "trespass-offerings" of the people?
A ram, without blemish. Also, for anything that was taken or destroyed the offender must not only make restitution, he must also add twenty percent to the value.
and what did these typify?
Every wrong must be made right, even adding 20% interest. The offering of the ram points back to the Day of Atonement sacrifices as the basis for all standing with the Lord.
Lev. 5:15-19; 6:1-7; T.99, par. 1 and 2.
But notice the difference between the treatment of such sin-offerings and the sin-offerings of the "Day of Atonement." The latter were offered to God (Justice) in the "Most Holy," as "the better sacrifices"; the former were offered to the priests, who, during the Atonement Day, had purchased the people. The acknowledgment of the people will be made to their Redeemer. The Priest, indeed, took and offered to the Lord a portion of the offering, as a "memorial," as a recognition that the whole plan of redemption as executed
on the Atonement Day (Gospel Age) was the heavenly Father's, but appropriated to himself the remainder – by eating it.
The whole world, purchased by the precious blood (human life) of Christ, will present themselves, for forgiveness of trespasses, to the "Royal Priesthood," whose acceptance of their gifts or consecrations will signify forgiveness. To this agree our Lord Jesus' words to his disciples: "He breathed on them and saith unto them, Receive ye the holy Spirit. Whosesoever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whosesoever sins ye retain [to them] they are retained." John 20:23
(18) Show the difference in the treatment of these "sin-offerings" and the "sin-offerings" of the Day of Atonement, and apply it to the antitype.
The Day of Atonement sacrifices were offered to God in the Most Holy. Whereas these are offered to the priests. The Day of Atonement was for the sins of the people. These are for the sins of the individual and acknowledge the Day of Atonement sacrifices by being offered to the Priests.
T.99, par. 3, and 100, par. 1.
While this "ministry of reconciliation" belongs in its fullest sense to the next age, when all the sacrifices of Atonement will have been completed, yet even now, any member of the "Royal Priesthood" may say to those who believe and repent, "Thy sins are forgiven thee" – as did our Head, by faith looking forward, as he did, to the completion of the sacrifices for sins: moreover, these priests now know the terms and conditions upon which forgiveness is promised, and can speak authoritatively whenever they see the terms complied with.
(19) State in what manner this "ministry of reconciliation" can be applied during the present age?
T.100, par. 2.
The offerings of the Atonement Day, as we have seen, were always burned (Lev. 6:30; Heb. 13:11), but the later trespass-offerings, offered after the Day of Atonement, were not burned, but eaten (appropriated) by the priests.
(20) In what further particular did the treatment of the Atonement Day sacrifices differ from that of the people's "sin-offerings"?
The Atonement Day sacrifices were burned. These are eaten.
Lev. 6:24-26,29,30; Heb. 13:11; T.100, par. 3.
"This is the law of the sin-offering [trespass-offering]... The priest that offereth it for sins shall eat it...All the males among the priests shall eat thereof." Lev. 6:25-29
The Lord and all the holy angels are Scripturally referred to as males, while all the saints are together represented
as a female, a "virgin," espoused to our Lord Jesus as husband. But the human female was originally a part of the man made in God's image, and is still (although temporarily separate for the purposes of human propagation) a part of the man – neither being complete alone. As the perfect man was named Adam, so, when made twain, "God called their name Adam" – the headship remaining with the male, who was thus made the caretaker or preserver of the female as a part of his own body. (Eph. 5:23,28) This sexual division did not make Adam imperfect: it merely divided his perfections between two bodies of which he was still the "head."
(21) Are the distinctions of "male" and "female" always to exist?
Apparently not. Gen. 1:27
T.100, par. 4.
The Scriptures indicate that ultimately, by the close of the "times of restitution," all (male and female) shall be restored to the perfect condition – the condition represented in Adam before Eve was separated from him. We do not understand that either males or females will lose their identity, but that each will take on the qualities now lacking. If this thought be the correct one, it would seem to imply that the extreme delicacy of some females and the extreme coarseness of some males are incident to the fall, and that restitution to a perfection in which the elements of the two sexes would be perfectly blended and harmonized would be the ideal humanity of God's design. Our dear Redeemer, when he was "the man Christ Jesus," was probably neither coarse and brawny nor effeminate. In him the mental strength and a grandeur of manhood blended most delightfully with the noble purity, tenderness and grace of true womanhood. Was he not the perfect man who died for our race and redeemed both sexes? Let us not forget that as a man he had no help-mate: should he not therefore have been complete in himself to pay the full corresponding price for Adam (male and female)? Either thus was Eve represented in the
great ransom or by her husband as her "head" – else mother Eve was not ransomed at all, a thought which would conflict with other scriptures.
(22) If not, why and when will such distinctions cease?
Since man was originally created as both male and female (Gen. 1:27) and were split into the two sexes for the purpose of pro-creation (Gen. 1:28; Gen. 2:21-24), it seems likely that when that work of filling the earth is complete there would be no further need for the difference between genders.
T.101, par. 1.
The Gospel Church is indeed referred to in the Scriptures as a "Bride"; not, however, as the bride of "the man Christ Jesus," but as the Bride of the risen and highly exalted Christ. As new creatures, begotten of God's spirit to spirit nature, we are betrothed to the Spirit Jesus, whose name and honor and throne we are to share. The Church is not the Bride of the sacrificed man Christ Jesus, but of the glorified Lord Jesus, who at his second advent claims her as his own. Rom. 7:4
(23) Is the Church the Bride of the man Christ Jesus?
No. She is the bride of our risen Lord. Rom. 7:4
Rom. 7:4; T.102, par. 1.
As with man and woman in the next age so will it be with Christ and the Church – after the Church is glorified all femininity will be dropped – "We shall be like him" – members of his Body. "And this is the name wherewith she shall [then] be called [her Lord's name], The Righteousness of Jehovah." (Jer. 33:16; 23:6) As the Body of the great Prophet, Priest and King, the Church will be a part of the Everlasting Father or Life-giver to the world. Isa. 9:6
(24) Will these distinctions of sex cease both with the human race and with the glorified Church?
Yes. Consider our Lord's response when tempted by the Sadducees - Matt. 22:23-32 (esp. vs. 30)
Jer. 33:16; 23:6; Isa. 9:6; E44:1, 45; T.102, par. 2.
We are under the sub-heading
Male and Female Distinctions to Cease.
We discussed the proper relation between Husband and Wife as described in Eph. 5:22-33, seeing it is showing the loving relationship that exists between Christ Jesus and the church. It is because of this scriptural description and instruction that we have male leaders. In the Levitical types all the priests were male. This indicates that the Royal Priesthood is looked upon as being of one gender.
We also looked at Gen. 1:27 where we are told that God Adam as male and female, and Gen. 5:2 (He .. called their name Adam.)
In Eph. 4:11-12 when Paul tells that God gave Apostles, teachers, etc., these were all male.
This same thought is carried throughout the Scriptures; the males of the priestly tribe alone did the sacrificing, and as above, the eating of the trespass-offerings; and they alone entered the Tabernacle and passed beyond the Veil. Likewise, in the holy Spirit's arrangement for this Gospel age – "He gave indeed [male] apostles, and [male] prophets, and [male] evangelists, and [male] pastors and teachers, for the qualification of the saints for the work of service, in order to the building up of the Anointed one." (Eph. 4:11,12, Diaglott) The word male, as above, should appear in the English as it does appear in the Greek text, and the Lord's appointments and those of the apostles correspond to this. "I suffer not [in the Church] a woman to teach or to usurp authority over the man," plainly declares the Apostle.
(1 Tim. 2:12) This is illustrative of the present relationship of Christ and the Church, which will, we understand, terminate with the close of this age, when the overcomers will be glorified and made actually one with the Lord – as "brethren."
(25) How is this thought shown in the type: that when the Church is glorified all sex distinctions will cease?
All the priests were males.
T.102, par. 3 (1st four lines).
(26) Do the teachings and example of Christ and the Apostle show that woman in the Church in the flesh is not to be a public teacher or leader?
Eph. 4:11,12, Diag.; I Tim. 2:11-13; I Cor. 14:34,35; T.102, par. 3 (from fourth line down).
This, however, does not signify that the sisters in the Church do not equally "present their bodies living sacrifices, holy and acceptable to God," and perform an important "work of service" in the Church as members of the "royal priesthood"; they are equally pleasing to the Lord as the brethren, for, really, all distinctions of sex and color and condition are ignored, dropped from divine notice, from the time we become "new creatures in Christ Jesus" (2 Cor. 5:17; Gal. 3:28); but the type, the figure, the lesson, must be continued, and hence the distinctions so rigidly maintained in the special and more important parts of the service of the Church of Christ.
(27) Are the sisters, equally with the brethren, prospective members of the Body of Christ?
2 Cor. 5:17; Gal. 3:28,29. See F491, 492. T.103, par. 1.
On the contrary, the Adversary has always sought to control man religiously through the love and esteem men bear toward women – hence his exaltation of the Virgin Mary to the rank of a goddess and to worship amongst Catholics. Hence also, with the ancient Egyptians, Isis was the goddess, and in the later times of the Apostle Paul, Diana was goddess of the Ephesians. And does not Satan still seek to deal with and through woman, as in the Garden of Eden? Are not women his chief mediums in Spiritism and his chief apostles and prophets in Theosophy and Christian Science?
(28) How has the Adversary entrapped and deceived the world along this line?
Currently the worship of the virgin Mary is an example of over-emphasis on women. So likewise in times past was the worship of Isis, of Diana (Acts 19:24-41).
T.103, par. 2.
Nor has Satan's acceptance of women as his mouthpieces been to their advantage. On the contrary, women stand on a far higher social and intellectual plane, and are most appreciated for their true womanhood, in those lands where the Bible regulations are recognized and respected; and by those who most carefully follow Scriptural regulations.
(29) Has this unscriptural course been a real advantage to women?
Exactly the opposite is true!
T.103, par. 3.