Atlanta Bible Students

The Book of Matthew

Chapter 26

[1] And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples, [2] Ye know that after two days is the feast of the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified. [3] Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, [4] And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtlety, and kill him. [5] But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar among the people.

Verse 1  Expanded Bible Comments

And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished all these sayings, he said unto his disciples,
QuestionAnswer
"And it came to pass.." What does this phrase tell us? That some period of time (short or long) has passed.
"When Jesus had finished all these sayings.." What are "these sayings?" Those of Our Lord's Great Prophecy – Chapters 24 and 25.
To whom did Jesus address his remarks? "Unto his disciples."

Verse 2  Expanded Bible Comments

Ye know that after two days is the feast of the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.
After two days was the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread.. Mark 14:1
Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover. Luke 22:1
QuestionAnswer
Comparing the 3 accounts above, what was it that was coming after two days? Matt"the feast of the passover."
Mark – "the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread."
Luke – "the feast of unleavened bread.. which is called the Passover."
Is this talking of "the Passover," or "the feast of unleavened bread," or both being on the same day? – "the feast of unleavened bread.. which is called the Passover." Lev. 23:5-6; Num. 28:16-17
When exactly is "after two days?" Because in Matt. 26:2 Jesus added "and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified," it becomes clear that the "two days off refers to the 14th of Nisan, as that is the day when Jesus was crucified. These words were spoken on the 12th of Nisan.

Verses 3-4  Expanded Bible Comments

Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, [4] And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtlety, and kill him.
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When (what day of the week) is "then?" By comparing the Matthew, Mark and Luke accounts it becomes clear (from Luke 22:1-6) that this conspiracy was hatched after sunset, thus Wednesday night, beginning of Nisan 13.
Who were involved in this conspiracy? The chief priests, the scribes, the elders, and Caiaphas the high priest.
What do these men all have in common? They were the leaders in the Jewish community and every one of them had to know that this was against the Law of God.
What did these men plan to do? "That they might take Jesus by subtlety, and kill him."

Verse 5  Expanded Bible Comments

But they said, Not on the feast day, lest there be an uproar among the people.
QuestionAnswer
"Not on the feast day." What "feast day?" This had to be "the feast of unleavened bread." When we take into account the Passover was on the 14th of Nisan and was followed by the Feast of Unleavened Bread on the 15th, it is clear that the Jews were concerned with the 15th. (Lev. 23:5-6) Jesus was crucified on the 14th. They did not want our Lord's body to remain on the cross during the Sabbath day (Saturday) and that Sabbath was a "high Sabbath," i.e., it was also the feast of Unleavened bread. John 19:31
What were they concerned about? That if Jesus was crucified "on the feast day" the people would be in an uproar.
What did they appear NOT to be concerned about? That they were committing Murder, directly violating the Law of God.

[6] Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, [7] There came unto him a woman having an alabaster box of very precious ointment, and poured it on his head, as he sat at meat. [8] But when his disciples saw it, they had indignation, saying, To what purpose is this waste? [9] For this ointment might have been sold for much, and given to the poor. [10] When Jesus understood it, he said unto them, Why trouble ye the woman? for she hath wrought a good work upon me. [11] For ye have the poor always with you; but me ye have not always. [12] For in that she hath poured this ointment on my body, she did it for my burial. [13] Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole world, there shall also this, that this woman hath done, be told for a memorial of her.

Verses 6-7  Expanded Bible Comments

Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, [7] There came unto him a woman having an alabaster box of very precious ointment, and poured it on his head, as he sat at meat.
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Is there any significance to the fact that Jesus was in the house of a leper? The Jews associated leprosy with sin. For a religious Jew at that time to be seen in the company of lepers was quite unusual. This is yet another reminder to us that Jesus was indeed a friend of sinners. Matt. 11:19; Luke 7:34
Do we know what woman did this? Mary, the sister of Martha. John 12:2-3.
What did the woman have with her?
Alabaster_box.jpg"
What was in the box? "Very precious ointmen."
What did she do with it? She poured it on Jesus' head "as he sat at meat."

Verses 8-9  Expanded Bible Comments

But when his disciples saw it, they had indignation, saying, To what purpose is this waste? [9] For this ointment might have been sold for much, and given to the poor.
QuestionAnswer
How did the disciples react when they saw this? "They had indignation."
What was the basis of their reasoning? That the ointment could have been sold and the profits used to help the poor, i.e., used in a "good work." The Lord's people are often told that they should be doing some "good work" rather than learning about the Truth and assisting the brethren in the developing the character-likeness of the Master.
Did all the disciples react the same way? The Matthew and Luke accounts make no distinction between them, but John points out only Judas. No doubt Judas, for selfish reasons, was the instigator. Please see R2744

Begin Here August 25, 2019

Verses 10-11  Expanded Bible Comments

When Jesus understood it, he said unto them, Why trouble ye the woman? for she hath wrought a good work upon me. [11] For ye have the poor always with you; but me ye have not always.
QuestionAnswer
Why did the disciples "trouble the woman?"
How did Jesus view her actions?
Before explaining about his burial, what lesson did Jesus give his disciples about "good works." Gal. 6:10

Verses 12-13  Expanded Bible Comments

For in that she hath poured this ointment on my body, she did it for my burial. [13] Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole world, there shall also this, that this woman hath done, be told for a memorial of her.
QuestionAnswer
What was the reason Mary poured this expensive ointment upon Jesus?
Did Mary fully realize the significance of what she was doing?
Is it true that wherever the Gospel has gone, this deed of Mary's has also been told? Matthew (26:6-13), Mark (14:3-9) and John (12:2-8.)

[14] Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, [15] And said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver. [16] And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him.

Versed 14-16  Expanded Bible Comments

Then one of the twelve, called Judas Iscariot, went unto the chief priests, [15] And said unto them, What will ye give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver. [16] And from that time he sought opportunity to betray him.
Word/PhraseAnswer
Verses 14-16 are all referenced from Expanded Bible Comments
Then

[17] Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover? [18] And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples. [19] And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the passover.

Verse 17  Expanded Bible Comments

Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover?
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Verse 18  Expanded Bible Comments

And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples.
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Verse 19  Expanded Bible Comments

And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the passover.
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[20] Now when the evening was come, he sat down with the twelve. [21] And as they did eat, he said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me. [22] And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him, Lord, is it I? [23] And he answered and said, He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me. [24] The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born. [25] Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it I? He said unto him, Thou hast said.

Verse 20  Expanded Bible Comments

Now when the evening was come, he sat down with the twelve.
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Verse 21  Expanded Bible Comments

And as they did eat, he said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.
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Verse 22  Expanded Bible Comments

And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him, Lord, is it I?
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Verse 23  Expanded Bible Comments

And he answered and said, He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me.
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Verse 24  Expanded Bible Comments

The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born.
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Verse 25  Expanded Bible Comments

Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it I? He said unto him, Thou hast said.
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[26] And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. [27] And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; [28] For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. [29] But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom.

Verse 26  Expanded Bible Comments

And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.
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Verse 27  Expanded Bible Comments

And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;
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Verse 28  Expanded Bible Comments

For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
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Verse 29  Expanded Bible Comments

But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom.
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Verse 30  Expanded Bible Comments

And when they had sung an hymn, they went out into the mount of Olives.
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[31] Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad. [32] But after I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee. [33] Peter answered and said unto him, Though all men shall be offended because of thee, yet will I never be offended. [34] Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. [35] Peter said unto him, Though I should die with thee, yet will I not deny thee. Likewise also said all the disciples.

Verse 31  Expanded Bible Comments

Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad.
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Verse 32  Expanded Bible Comments

But after I am risen again, I will go before you into Galilee.
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Verse 33  Expanded Bible Comments

Peter answered and said unto him, Though all men shall be offended because of thee, yet will I never be offended.
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Verse 34  Expanded Bible Comments

Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.
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Verse 35  Expanded Bible Comments

Peter said unto him, Though I should die with thee, yet will I not deny thee. Likewise also said all the disciples.
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[36] Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder. [37] And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy. [38] Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me. [39] And he went a little farther, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt. [40] And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour? [41] Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak. [42] He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done. [43] And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy. [44] And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words. [45] Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. [46] Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me.

Verse 36  Expanded Bible Comments

Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder.
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Verse 37  Expanded Bible Comments

And he took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and very heavy.
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Verse 38  Expanded Bible Comments

Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me.
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Verse 39  Expanded Bible Comments

And he went a little farther, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.
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Verse 40  Expanded Bible Comments

And he cometh unto the disciples, and findeth them asleep, and saith unto Peter, What, could ye not watch with me one hour?
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Verse 41  Expanded Bible Comments

Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.
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Verse 42  Expanded Bible Comments

He went away again the second time, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done.
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Verse 43  Expanded Bible Comments

And he came and found them asleep again: for their eyes were heavy.
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Verse 44  Expanded Bible Comments

And he left them, and went away again, and prayed the third time, saying the same words.
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Verse 45  Expanded Bible Comments

Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.
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Verse 46  Expanded Bible Comments

Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me.
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[47] And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people. [48] Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: hold him fast. [49] And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him. [50] And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him. [51] And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high priest's, and smote off his ear. [52] Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword. [53] Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels? [54] But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be? [55] In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief with swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye laid no hold on me. [56] But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.

Verse 47  Expanded Bible Comments

And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people.
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Verse 48  Expanded Bible Comments

Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: hold him fast.
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Verse 49  Expanded Bible Comments

And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him.
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Verse 50  Expanded Bible Comments

And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.
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Verse 51  Expanded Bible Comments

And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high priest's, and smote off his ear.
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Verse 52  Expanded Bible Comments

Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.
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Verse 53  Expanded Bible Comments

Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?
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Verse 54  Expanded Bible Comments

But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be?
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Verse 55  Expanded Bible Comments

In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief with swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye laid no hold on me.
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Verse 56  Expanded Bible Comments

But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.
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[57] And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled. [58] But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest's palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end. [59] Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death; [60] But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, yet found they none. At the last came two false witnesses, [61] And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days. [62] And the high priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee? [63] But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. [64] Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven. [65] Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy. [66] What think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death. [67] Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands, [68] Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?

Verse 57  Expanded Bible Comments

And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.
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Verse 58  Expanded Bible Comments

But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest's palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end.
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Verse 59  Expanded Bible Comments

Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death;
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Verse 60  Expanded Bible Comments

But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, yet found they none. At the last came two false witnesses,
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Verse 61  Expanded Bible Comments

And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days.
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Verse 62  Expanded Bible Comments

And the high priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?
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Verse 63  Expanded Bible Comments

But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God.
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Verse 64  Expanded Bible Comments

Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.
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Verse 65  Expanded Bible Comments

Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy.
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Verse 66  Expanded Bible Comments

What think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death.
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Verse 67  Expanded Bible Comments

Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,
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Verse 68  Expanded Bible Comments

Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?
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[69] Now Peter sat without in the palace: and a damsel came unto him, saying, Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee. [70] But he denied before them all, saying, I know not what thou sayest. [71] And when he was gone out into the porch, another maid saw him, and said unto them that were there, This fellow was also with Jesus of Nazareth. [72] And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man. [73] And after a while came unto him they that stood by, and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one of them; for thy speech bewrayeth thee. [74] Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew. [75] And Peter remembered the word of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly.

Verse 69  Expanded Bible Comments

Now Peter sat without in the palace: and a damsel came unto him, saying, Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee.
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Verse 70  Expanded Bible Comments

But he denied before them all, saying, I know not what thou sayest.
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Verse 71  Expanded Bible Comments

And when he was gone out into the porch, another maid saw him, and said unto them that were there, This fellow was also with Jesus of Nazareth.
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Verse 72  Expanded Bible Comments

And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man.
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Verse 73  Expanded Bible Comments

And after a while came unto him they that stood by, and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one of them; for thy speech bewrayeth thee.
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Verse 74  Expanded Bible Comments

Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.
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Verse 75  Expanded Bible Comments

And Peter remembered the word of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly.
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Chapter 25   Chapter 27