Atlanta Bible Students

The Book of Ezekiel

Chapter 13

[1] And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, [2] Son of man, prophesy against the prophets of Israel that prophesy, and say you unto them that prophesy out of their own hearts, Hear you the word of the LORD; [3] Thus says the Lord GOD; Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing! [4] O Israel, your prophets are like the foxes in the deserts. [5] You have not gone up into the gaps, neither made up the hedge for the house of Israel to stand in the battle in the day of the LORD. [6] They have seen vanity and lying divination, saying, The LORD says: and the LORD has not sent them: and they have made others to hope that they would confirm the word. [7] Have you not seen a vain vision, and have you not spoken a lying divination, whereas you say, The LORD says it; albeit I have not spoken?

Verses 1-2  Expanded Bible Comments

And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, [2] Son of man, prophesy against the prophets of Israel that prophesy, and say you unto them that prophesy out of their own hearts, Hear you the word of the LORD;
QuestionAnswer
Who did the word of the LORD come to? Son of man, Pastor Russell.
What was he instructed to do? Relay a message to "the prophets of Israel."
To which prophets was he to speak? Those "that prophesy," i.e., to those in his day who were still prophesying good things for Christendom. To those "that prophesy out of their own hearts."
What was he to tell them? Stop twisting the Word of the LORD to make it seem to say what you want it to say. Instead, "Hear ye the word of the LORD."

Verses 3-4  Expanded Bible Comments

Thus says the Lord GOD; Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing! [4] O Israel, your prophets are like the foxes in the deserts.
QuestionAnswer
What normally follows when we see this phrase: "Thus saith the Lord GOD?" Something extremely important is being said and whoever is being addressed had better pay close attention!
What does the LORD say about these prophets? "Woe unto the foolish prophets."
Why, what did they do? "That follow their own spirit, and have seen nothing!" – In other words, they made it up. They lied to their followers for their own advantage. They interpreted God's Word by the invention of their own imagination.
In this verse, who is Israel? Israel pictures Christendom (especially the religious element.)
What are their prophets likened to, and what does that mean? Foxes in the desert [waste] places – (Read the Expanded Bible Comments for Song of Solomon 2:15.) Listening to the prophets (teachers) in Babylon may seem relatively harmless but it leads to the destruction of the tender grapes (fruits of the spirit) and the destruction of the true vine.

Verse 5  Expanded Bible Comments

You have not gone up into the gaps, neither made up the hedge for the house of Israel to stand in the battle in the day of the LORD.
QuestionAnswer
"You have not gone up into the gaps." What does that mean? It means there are gaps in the walls. The walls are supposed to be maintained in good order.
What do hedges have to do with battle? Suggestion: Go to the internet and look up "Battle of the Hedgerows."
Who were these defenses for? "The House of Israel" – i.e., the Nominal Spiritual house, Christendom (especially the religious element.)
For what purpose were they supposed to be prepared? "For the house of [nominal spiritual] Israel to stand in the battle in the day of the LORD."
Summarize verse 5. Nominal Spiritual Israel failed to prepare to fight the battle of the Day of the Lord. They did not build up their defenses with the Truth. Instead they thought the old battle tactics of fear, error and especially the three unclean spirits (doctrines) like frogs would keep them in power.

Verse 6  Expanded Bible Comments

They have seen vanity and lying divination, saying, The LORD says: and the LORD has not sent them: and they have made others to hope that they would confirm the word.
QuestionAnswer
The language of verse 6 may be a little confusing.
This verse may be easier to understand if we look at some other translations (the first two are paraphrases) of this verse.

(CEV) Those prophets lie by claiming they speak for me, but I have not even chosen them to be my prophets. And they still think their words will come true.

(ERV)  "Your prophets say they have seen visions. They did their magic to see what will happen next. But everything they said would happen is a lie. They claim to speak for the LORD, but the LORD did not send them. And they still think that what they said is what will happen."

(English Standard Version) "They have seen false visions and lying divinations. They say, 'Declares the LORD,' when the LORD has not sent them, and yet they expect him to fulfill their word."
"They have seen.." – Who is "they?" "They" are the religious leaders of Christendom.
What did "they" see and what does that mean? They have seen: "Vanity and lying divination."
Vanity because they told their followers "This is what God really meant by what he said. Never mind what you may think the Bible says, we will tell you what it really means."
Lying divination because they continued to push the "three unclean spirits" (i.e., these doctrines are from fallen angels – especially from their leader Satan.) – Remember the description of the three unclean spirits like frogs says "for they are the spirits of devils.." Rev. 16:13-14.
What do "they," under the influence of the "lying divination," say? "This [what we say] is what the LORD says. You need to remember that we are the Lord's, i.e., He has sent us to explain His words to you."
Is what "they" say true? Absolutely not. "The LORD has not sent them."
What is meant by "They have made others to hope that they would confirm the word?" They seem to think (hopefully but without any real basis other than this is what they want) that what they say will come true, and that by continually repeating it to others, they too will believe it.

We might add that the word "others" is supplied, though the majority of translators seem to include "others." Several translations make no reference to "others."

Also the word "hope" carries more the thought of "wait" or "tarry." For example the Jubilee Bible translates this phrase as: "they have made others to wait for the word to be confirmed."

Verse 7  Expanded Bible Comments

Have you not seen a vain vision, and have you not spoken a lying divination, whereas you say, The LORD says it; albeit I have not spoken?
QuestionAnswer
What is their "vain vision" and their "lying divination?" Vain vision: "All things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation." 2 Pet. 3:4
Lying divination: The three unclean spirits. Rev. 16:13-14.
What does the Lord say about their vision? "I have not spoken it."

[8] Therefore thus says the Lord GOD; Because you have spoken vanity, and seen lies, therefore, behold, I am against you, says the Lord GOD. [9] And mine hand shall be upon the prophets that see vanity, and that divine lies: they shall not be in the assembly of my people, neither shall they be written in the writing of the house of Israel, neither shall they enter into the land of Israel; and you shall know that I am the Lord GOD. [10] Because, even because they have seduced my people, saying, Peace; and there was no peace; and one built up a wall, and, lo, others daubed it with untempered mortar: [11] Say unto them which daub it with untempered mortar, that it shall fall: there shall be an overflowing shower; and you, O great hailstones, shall fall; and a stormy wind shall rend it. [12] Lo, when the wall is fallen, shall it not be said unto you, Where is the daubing wherewith you have daubed it? [13] Therefore thus says the Lord GOD; I will even rend it with a stormy wind in my fury; and there shall be an overflowing shower in mine anger, and great hailstones in my fury to consume it. [14] So will I break down the wall that you have daubed with untempered mortar, and bring it down to the ground, so that the foundation thereof shall be discovered, and it shall fall, and you shall be consumed in the midst thereof: and you shall know that I am the LORD. [15] Thus will I accomplish my wrath upon the wall, and upon them that have daubed it with untempered mortar, and will say unto you, The wall is no more, neither they that daubed it; [16] To wit, the prophets of Israel which prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and which see visions of peace for her, and there is no peace, says the Lord GOD.

2nd reading - with (hopefully) clarifying brackets

[8] Therefore thus says the Lord GOD; Because you [the prophets] have spoken vanity, and seen lies, therefore, behold, I am against you [the prophets], says the Lord GOD. [9] And mine hand shall be upon the prophets that see vanity, and that divine lies: they [the prophets] shall not be in the assembly of my people, neither shall they [the prophets] be written in the writing of the house of Israel, neither shall they [the prophets] enter into the land of Israel; and you [Israel] shall know that I am the Lord GOD. [10] Because, even because they [the prophets] have seduced my people [Israel], saying, Peace; and there was no peace; and one built up a wall, and, lo, others [the prophets] daubed it with untempered mortar: [11] Say unto them [the prophets] which daub it with untempered mortar, that it shall fall: there shall be an overflowing shower; and you, O great hailstones, shall fall; and a stormy wind shall rend it. [12] Lo, when the wall is fallen, shall it not be said unto you [the prophets], Where is the daubing wherewith you [the prophets] have daubed it? [13] Therefore thus says the Lord GOD; I will even rend it [the wall] with a stormy wind in my fury; and there shall be an overflowing shower in mine anger, and great hailstones in my fury to consume it [the wall]. [14] So will I break down the wall that you have [the prophets] daubed with untempered mortar, and bring it down to the ground, so that the foundation thereof shall be discovered, and it shall fall, and you [the prophets] shall be consumed in the midst thereof: and you [the prophets] shall know that I am the LORD. [15] Thus will I accomplish my wrath upon the wall, and upon them [the prophets] that have daubed it with untempered mortar, and will say unto you [the prophets], The wall is no more, neither they [the prophets] that daubed it; [16] To wit, the prophets of Israel which prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and which see visions of peace for her, and there is no peace, says the Lord GOD.

Verses 8-16 are primarily aimed at the "prophets" of nominal spiritual Israel, i.e., at the religious leaders of Christendom.

Verse 8  Expanded Bible Comments

Therefore thus says the Lord GOD; Because you have spoken vanity, and seen lies, therefore, behold, I am against you, says the Lord GOD.
QuestionAnswer
Why does this verse begin with "therefore?" Because the law of "cause and effect" is in play.
What does the Lord say is the cause? "Because you have spoken vanity, and seen lies."
What does the Lord say is the effect? "I am against you."
Is this a good position for them to be in? This is the worst possible condition to be in!

Verse 9  Expanded Bible Comments

And mine hand shall be upon the prophets that see vanity, and that divine lies: they shall not be in the assembly of my people, neither shall they be written in the writing of the house of Israel, neither shall they enter into the land of Israel; and you shall know that I am the Lord GOD.
QuestionAnswer
Who are "the prophets that see vanity?" Primarily the religious leaders of Christendom.
What is meant by the phrase "that divine lies?" The falsehoods they present as being truth are said by them to be from God. Especially the "three unclean spirits."
What is meant by "the assembly of my people?" The secret society of God's true people, the saints.
What is meant by "the writing of the house of Israel?" The false prophets will not find themselves written in the lamb's book of life.
What is meant by "Neither shall they enter into the land of Israel?" The land of Israel is the land of promise. The heavenly promises definitaly do NOT belong to these false prophets (religious leaders) of nominal spiritual Israel.
"You shall know that I am the LORD GOD." Is this different from "they" used throughout most of this verse? Probably. It appears to refer to (nominal spiritual) Israel, whereas "they" was referring to the (false) prophets (religious leaders).

Verse 10  Expanded Bible Comments

Because, even because they have seduced my people, saying, Peace; and there was no peace; and one built up a wall, and, lo, others daubed it with untempered mortar:
QuestionAnswer
"Because, even because.." Why the repetition? The word is Strong's H3285 and it is doubled (repeated.) In both the Hebrew and Greek languages, when we see this occur it indicates an extra emphasis on the word.
Who is "they?" The (false) prophets of Israel.
How have "they" seduced God's people? By saying "Peace; and there was no peace."Jer. 8:11
What wall was built up? Walls symbolize protections. For the religious element of Christendom their walls included the civil power and also their system of false doctrines, especially the Three Unclean Spirits like Frogs.
What is "untempered mortar?" untempered – not brought to a proper consistency or hardness; "untempered mortar"; "untempered steel" unhardened. – The Free Dictionary

Verse 11  Expanded Bible Comments

Say unto them which daub it with untempered mortar, that it shall fall: there shall be an overflowing shower; and you, O great hailstones, shall fall; and a stormy wind shall rend it.
QuestionAnswer
"Say unto them.." Who is speaking? To whom is he speaking? The "Son of man" is speaking, delivering the message from God. He is speaking to the (false) prophets of (nominal spiritual) Israel.
".. which daub it.." What is it that they are daubing? The wall or protection of the city, Mystic Babylon, Christendom. Christendom's walls were it's false teachings (especially the three unclean spirits and the trinity) and the State (Kings) with which the nominal church was united.
".. with untempered mortar." How is it that they are daubing with "untempered mortar?" What does that mean? They (the false prophets of Christendom) were using untempered (un-developed, un-proven) doctrines to shore up the protection (walls) of Christendom, i.e., their teachings were (at the most) loosely based on the Bible, but not proven to be true.
What is to be the result of this action? "It (Christendom, the city) shall fall."
What is the "overflowing (rain) shower?" A large outpouring of Truth (water.)
What are the "great hailstones?" - Are they different from normal hailstones? The hard truths brought to light in this Day of the Lord. Rev. 16:21
What is pictured by "the stormy wind?" 1 Kings 19:11; 4_Winds
What does this "stormy wind" do? It rends the wall (protection) of Christendom. There is a clue in the statement that the "wind shall rend it." This draws us to 1 Kings 19:11 where Elijah sees the 4 manifestations of God's power. The first is "a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and brake in pieces the rocks before the LORD." This we know (from other studies) has reference to the First World War.

Verse 12  Expanded Bible Comments

Lo, when the wall is fallen, shall it not be said unto you, Where is the daubing wherewith you have daubed it?
QuestionAnswer
What is (or was) "the wall?" The false teachings of the nominal church and their union with the civil powers of Europe. Remember, Christendom (Christ's Kingdom) was the ilicit union between the false church and the civil power of the Roman Empire.
At what point in time does the wall fall? It has at least 3 time points.
1878 when the church nominal was cast off.
1914 when the stone smote the image.
1918 when the fighting of WWI came to an end and all the Kings (save one) had either been dethroned or had abdicated.
Begin Here May 2, 2017
Shall it not be said unto you. Who is "you?" The prophets (religious leaders of Christendom.)
What is meant by "Where is the daubing wherewith you have daubed it?" The daubing of a wall would be the shoring up or strengthening of the wall. Plugging any leaks, etc. This is what the religious leaders of Christendom should have been doing. They should have been plugging the up their doctrinal teachings with the Truth. Instead they kept preaching the same tired song of the three unclean spirits.

Verse 13  Expanded Bible Comments

Therefore thus says the Lord GOD; I will even rend it with a stormy wind in my fury; and there shall be an overflowing shower in mine anger, and great hailstones in my fury to consume it.
QuestionAnswer
Why does this verse begin with "Therefore?" The Law of Cause and Effect is again in play. "For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction." – Sir Isaac Newton
Based on who "says," how sure are we that what follows is accurate? We can be more sure of this than we are of our next breath.
What is meant by "I will even rend it with a stormy wind?" This seems a clear reference to 1 Kings 19:11. According to Pastor Russell (the one who here delivers this message from God,) this was the Great War that began in 1914. What Pastor Russell on the 4 Winds
What is "the overflowing shower?" The shower of Truth, so much as to constitute a flood.
What is pictured by the "great hailstones?" The seventh plague. Rev. 16:21

Verse 14  Expanded Bible Comments

So will I break down the wall that you have daubed with untempered mortar, and bring it down to the ground, so that the foundation thereof shall be discovered, and it shall fall, and you shall be consumed in the midst thereof: and you shall know that I am the LORD.
QuestionAnswer
What is to happen to "the wall?" "I will break down the wall.. and bring it down to the ground."
What was meant by "the foundation therefore shall be discovered." The foundation is the base upon which all is built. The wall of the religious element of Christendom was basically two-fold. (1) The civil power, i.e., the Kings of Europe, and (2) their false doctrines.
For the Lord's true people our foundation is (in a sense) also two-fold. (1) Our God – Psa. 18:29. (2)The Ransom. 1 Cor. 3:11
The foundation false doctrines of Christendom have been laid bare. We can clearly see that the "Divine right of kings, clergy, etc." are false. We can also see that the foundation doctrines of the trinity and the mass are also without any basis in reality.
"It [the wall] shall fall." – Has this been fulfilled? If so, when and how? The wall (protection) for Christendom (especially the religious element) fell with WWI and the smiting of the image (Dan. 2) when the iron (civil power) and clay (worldly religious power) were smashed. The religious teachings, especially the 3 unclean spirits (Rev. 16:23-14) came crashing down at that time as well.
"And you shall be consuumed in the midst thereof." – Has this been fulfilled? If so, when and how, and what relation does their being destroyed in the midst have to do with the falling of the wall? The religious leaders of Christendom were consumed along with Christendom (Christ's Kingdom falsely so-called) itself with the smiting of the image. This does not mean the religious teachers as individuals, but without Christendom, the teachers of Christendom (the "prophets of Israel") were destroyed as a class.
"You shall know that I am the LORD." Who is "you" and when shall they know "that I am the LORD?"

Verses 15-16  Expanded Bible Comments

Thus will I accomplish my wrath upon the wall, and upon them that have daubed it with untempered mortar, and will say unto you, The wall is no more, neither they that daubed it; [16] To wit, the prophets of Israel which prophesy concerning Jerusalem, and which see visions of peace for her, and there is no peace, says the Lord GOD.
QuestionAnswer
"Thus will I accomplish my wrath upon the wall." What is God's wrath? "The seven last plagues, for in them is filled up the wrath of God." Rev. 15:1
What does it mean for God's wrath to be accomplished "upon the wall?" The wall represents the protection of Christendom. The wrath of God, the plagues, are upon Christendom and they are deserving of the plagues.
Does this verse indicate that God's wrath is upon both the wall and "them that have daubed it with untempered mortar?" Yes.
"And will say unto you.." To whom is God speaking? The answer to this question is the entire 16th verse, i.e., the false prophets of Israel (Christendom.)
If "you" refers to the false prophets and the false propets "daubed the wall with untempered mortar," how is it possible for this to be true? How can God talk to the false prophets if they are "no more?"

[17] Likewise, thou son of man, set thy face against the daughters of thy people, which prophesy out of their own heart; and prophesy thou against them, [18] And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe to the women that sew pillows to all armholes, and make kerchiefs upon the head of every stature to hunt souls! Will ye hunt the souls of my people, and will ye save the souls alive that come unto you? [19] And will ye pollute me among my people for handfuls of barley and for pieces of bread, to slay the souls that should not die, and to save the souls alive that should not live, by your lying to my people that hear your lies?

Verse 17  Expanded Bible Comments

Likewise, thou son of man, set thy face against the daughters of thy people, which prophesy out of their own heart; and prophesy thou against them,
QuestionAnswer

Verse 18  Expanded Bible Comments

And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe to the women that sew pillows to all armholes, and make kerchiefs upon the head of every stature to hunt souls! Will ye hunt the souls of my people, and will ye save the souls alive that come unto you?
QuestionAnswer

Verse 19  Expanded Bible Comments

And will ye pollute me among my people for handfuls of barley and for pieces of bread, to slay the souls that should not die, and to save the souls alive that should not live, by your lying to my people that hear your lies?
QuestionAnswer

[20] Wherefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against your pillows, wherewith ye there hunt the souls to make them fly, and I will tear them from your arms, and will let the souls go, even the souls that ye hunt to make them fly. [21] Your kerchiefs also will I tear, and deliver my people out of your hand, and they shall be no more in your hand to be hunted; and ye shall know that I am the LORD. [22] Because with lies ye have made the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have not made sad; and strengthened the hands of the wicked, that he should not return from his wicked way, by promising him life: [23] Therefore ye shall see no more vanity, nor divine divinations: for I will deliver my people out of your hand: and ye shall know that I am the LORD.

Verse 20  Expanded Bible Comments

Wherefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against your pillows, wherewith ye there hunt the souls to make them fly, and I will tear them from your arms, and will let the souls go, even the souls that ye hunt to make them fly.
QuestionAnswer

Verse 21  Expanded Bible Comments

Your kerchiefs also will I tear, and deliver my people out of your hand, and they shall be no more in your hand to be hunted; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
QuestionAnswer

Verse 22  Expanded Bible Comments

Because with lies ye have made the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have not made sad; and strengthened the hands of the wicked, that he should not return from his wicked way, by promising him life:
QuestionAnswer

Verse 23  Expanded Bible Comments

Therefore ye shall see no more vanity, nor divine divinations: for I will deliver my people out of your hand: and ye shall know that I am the LORD.
QuestionAnswer