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Herald of Christ's Presence

Other foundation can
no man lay

"Watchman, What of the Night?"
"The Morning Cometh, and a Night also!" Isaiah 21:11

101 Fifth Ave., PITTSBURGH, PA.

C. T. RUSSELL, Editor and Publisher.

The Editor recognizes a responsibility to the Master, relative to what shall appear in these columns, which he can not and does not cast aside; yet he should not be understood as endorsing every expression of correspondents, or of articles selected from other periodicals.


TERMS: – Fifty cents a year, postage prepaid. You may send paper-money or three cent stamps to the amount of two dollars by mail at our risk. Larger amounts by Check, P.O. Money Order or Registered Letter, payable to C. T. RUSSELL.


Foreign Postage being higher, our terms to foreign subscribers will be 65 cents a year. Please send us no foreign money or postage stamps as we can make no use of them. Remittances may be made by Postal Money Orders.

N.B. – This paper will be sent free to any of the Lord's poor who will send a card yearly requesting it.

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THOSE who cannot send money, but who send their subscriptions in stamps, will please send one and two cent stamps during July and August. Usually we prefer three cent stamps, but are short of ones and twos now.

– Foreign subscribers will please remember that foreign stamps are useless to us.

– Subscribers who remove, should mention old as well as new address.

– MILLENNIAL DAY DAWN is progressing as rapidly as possible, but is not yet ready for press. We still have the old "Day Dawn"; paper covers, 25c; cloth, 50c, the reduced prices.

BRO. BOYER has prepared and mailed to our readers in Great Britain, letters of introduction wherever two or more reside in the one town. Each of London's five districts are treated as distinct cities, and listed accordingly. This was requested by many, and we doubt not will be beneficial to all, enabling them to assemble together and edify one another. The Lord bless, comfort, and strengthen you, and build you up in the most holy faith. May the Comforter comfort your hearts with an understanding of the exceeding great and precious promises. Be strong in the Lord – in his truth, and in the power of his might – yea, be strong.

SOME want the June ZION'S WATCH TOWER in tract form, others want January and February numbers. We cannot do this yet. We have neither the time nor means to do all that you and we could wish, to spread the truth. We are doing all we can.

– THE outlines of six sermons have been in greater demand than we had expected. They are not designed for any except those who have fully determined to give a part of their time to public preaching. Some who wrote for them, we thought, had misunderstood this, and we did not send to all, but endeavored to judge who could use them to profit. If we have made any mistakes, please correct us. Those who received them, but will not use them, will please return them to us, as we have very few left, and there will be use for more than we have.

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This is the first number of a new volume. It opens our fourth year. Thanking our Father in heaven for progress made in the pathway of light, and in the understanding of his Word, given during the past, and looking to him as the fountain from which comes all truth and every good gift, for continued supplies during the year now begun, we go forward. We expect, according to his Word, that the light will not oppose, but harmonize with past light; that it will not be light of a different character, but more of the same sort.

"And still new beauties may we see,
And still increasing light."

No previous year ever had so favorable an outlook. Though opposition on every hand increases, so do the encouragements. The spread of truth and liberty among God's children more than compensates for the stigma and opposition. The persistency of Satan in spreading error is more than compensated for, in the brighter shining of the truth in contrast. "Praise God from whom all blessings flow."

More interesting letters, show that the interest in the study of the Scriptures is increasing. The light from our Lord's presence is breaking upon the sight of others of God's children, and the effect upon one and all is, rejoicing, with growth in grace, knowledge and love of God. As we come to see light in God's light, it lifts us up above earthly things, and more than compensates for the loss of human friendship, which it surely involves.

During June two ministers came to see the force of the truth so clearly as to ask for a supply of "Food" for their congregations, and one reports that he never saw people so hungry. He expects to withdraw from the M.P. Church, and thinks that a number of his congregation will follow. The other minister is a Lutheran.

Many from North, South, East and West are asking for preaching. It is impossible to fill those applications which come from afar, but we make notes of such and will remember you when we can. We cannot remind you too often that we are all commissioned to preach the glad tidings: – "Go ye also into my vineyard" – is to every consecrated one. Go, do all you can, and seek at the fountain wisdom and grace by which you can do more and be further used in blessing those around you with the heavenly light.

There is a disposition on the part of all, to be together and have the comfort and support of fellow travelers in the narrow way. But, beloved, this does not seem to be God's plan; we are scattered, so that we may let our light shine. If we should get to one place, we would probably be scattered as were those mentioned in Acts, 8:1.

If you feel the "glad tidings" filling your heart, and wish that others could also hear the message? Gather from this that you may and should, let your light so shine as to glorify your Father in heaven. God is able and willing to use you, if you will let him. See then at once that your consecration is complete, and begin at once to tell the message the best you can, praying for more ability, and digging for it in God's Word, and you will become daily a vessel of greater honor as you are daily more filled with the spirit of truth and used by our Master. But remember that to be used of the Lord, we must be very humble – "Broken and emptied vessels for the Master's use made meet." "The Lord abhorreth the proud, but giveth grace [His favors] to the humble."

Dear Bro. Sunderlin is again sick and confined to his bed. He writes to give his love to you all; says he will continue his last article sometime, if the Lord will. He rejoices even in pain, in the knowledge that "all things shall work together for good." Other brethren report progress of the truth against much opposition from the world, flesh and devil. Brethren and sisters, we hope all these dear ones have your sympathy and prayers; as Paul expresses it, "Brethren, pray for us, that utterance may be given us." (Eph. 6:19.)

Bro. Keith sends word that he is enroute for his Michigan trip which was before interrupted: He will be with us at Pittsburgh shortly. Bro. Lawver of Missouri, starts about July first, for a trip through Kansas and Texas. Letters, requests for preaching, may be addressed to this office.

The Chicago friends will be glad to know that Bro. McCormack is about to remove there. Chicago is a good field, and our Brother and his wife remove there in the hope of being used by the Master for the blessing of the household of faith, by disceminating the truth. When he calls on you, receive him well – he is a brother in Christ. Let meetings be commenced at once, and the Lord bless you.

The subject of the holy Spirit has been much inquired about, and we devote much of our space this month to its examination, which we trust will be of interest and profit to you.

We have about twenty-five questions yet unanswered, and as space is limited, they must come gradually. We like them; they indicate thought and study. However, many are already answered, if you would reread papers and pamphlets which you have. Never give away back numbers; frequent reference to them is necessary. Loan, but do not give away. page 1

We make a few extracts from the many encouraging letters received –


DEAR SIR: – I gratefully acknowledge the reception of your letter. In reply I would inform you that I was brought up a Congregationalist, but when I entered upon my profession I took holy orders in the Protestant Episcopal Church. I have been more than forty years in the ministry. I have regarded the P.E. Church as the most liberal and scriptural of all the Protestant organizations. Still there have been some points, held in common by all, of which I have had my doubts and misgivings, such as the day of judgment and the eternal punishment of a large portion of the human race who had no opportunity of being benefitted by the Gospel. The reading of your publications has dispelled my doubts on those points. I have been deeply interested in the discussion of these points and of many others also, particularly the restitution. I have been struck with the aptness and cogency of the interpretation which extends throughout the publications. There are some points upon which I am not yet altogether satisfied, but presume that further investigation may clear my vision. I am now reading the Prophecies and Revelation with more interest than ever before. I am watching with intense anxiety the present movements of the Jews, and the ominous condition of Europe. Most of my reading for the last few months has been your publications, and I may say, with a most absorbing interest.

Hoping that we may all attain to glory and immortality as the bride of the Lamb, I remain,

Yours in Christ.   __________.


MY DEAR SIR: – I see that by last number of the WATCH TOWER that the pamphlets are indeed bearing fruit, notwithstanding all the opposition, not only in America but here. Now, could you not arrange some plan by which we, who rejoice in the same blessed truths, might have the opportunity of at least corresponding with each other, on this side of the Atlantic? You see there may be page 2 others only a short distance from me who, like myself, are yearning to find some with whom they may hold sweet communion on our blessed hope. May I ask for a few copies of the "Tabernacle" to send after "Food" to Australia?

With kindest love to all who are looking for the glorious hope, I remain, dear brother, yours faithfully.


A brother writing from Sunderland, England, says:

We are not idle here, since I last wrote; we have now a Bible-class every Monday at 7 P.M. "The Food" we keep circulating in "good ground," so far as human judgment can discern; and it is delightful to hear their expressions of surprise and gladness at our kindness in thinking of them. One brother here tells me he lent the "Food" and "Tabernacle" to one of their ministers, and the subjects have laid hold of him.

I have greater pleasure now than ever in reading the dear old Chart, having (thanks to my American brethren) struck a new vein of hidden treasure. Strange, is it not, that the light should work West first?

The WATCH TOWER is never idle; it is regularly read by several, and is returned to the shelf, carefully patched at all the foldings.

Remember us in your prayers as we do you.

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The following is extracted from a letter in an English paper by Mr. Charles Reade, the well-known novelist, whose remarkable conversion occurred last year:

"The Jewish nation, though under a cloud, will eventually resume their ancient territory, which is so evidently kept waiting for them. The prophecies are clear as day on two points: That the Jews are to re-possess Palestine, and, indeed, to rule from Lebanon to Euphrates; and that this event is to be the first of a great series of changes leading to a vast improvement in the condition of poor suffering mankind and of creation in general. Now, we have here in prospect a glorious event as sure as the sun will rise to-morrow. The only difference is that the sun will rise at a certain hour, and the Jews will occupy Syria and resume their national glory at an uncertain day. No doubt it is the foible of mankind to assume that an uncertain date must be a distant one. But that is unreasonable. Surely it is the duty of wise and sober men to watch precursory signs and lend their humble co-operation, should so great a privilege be accorded to us.

"This sudden persecution of the Jews in the very nation where they are most numerous – may it not be a precursory sign, and a reminder from Providence that their abiding city is not in European Tartary? I almost think some such reminder was needed; for when I was a boy, the pious Jews still longed for the Holy Land. They prayed, like Daniel, with their windows opened toward Jerusalem.

"Yet now that the broken and impoverished Saracen would cede them territory at one-tenth of its agricultural and commercial value, a cold indifference seems to have come over them. I often wonder at this change of sentiment about so great a matter, and in so short a period, comparatively speaking, and puzzle myself, as to the reason.

"Two solutions occur to me. 1. Dispersed in various nations, whose average inhabitants are inferior in intelligence and forethought to themselves, they thrive as individual aliens more than they may think so great a multitude of Jews could thrive in a land of their own, where blockheads would be scarce. 2. They have for centuries contracted their abilities to a limited number of peaceful arts and trades; they may distrust their power to diversify their abilities, and be suddenly a complete nation, with soldiers, sailors, merchants, husbandmen, as well as financiers and artists.

"But it is now proved that sojourning among inferior nations has more drawbacks than living at home. True, the Russian yokel has for years been selling to the Jews his summer labor in winter, and at a heavy discount; but the improvident Russians have turned like wild beasts upon them, and outwitted, lawfully, have massacred them contrary to law. Palestine can be colonized effectually from Russia alone, where there are three millions of Jews trembling for life and property; and the rest would follow. As to the second objection, history is a looking-glass at our backs. Whatever Jews have done Jews may do. They are a people of genius; and genius is not confined by nature, but by will, by habit or by accident. What have these people tried and failed in? Warriors, writers, builders, merchants, lawgivers, husbandmen; and supreme in all! In this history repeats itself.

"They shall be great in the arts of peace and war, and their enemies melt away before them like snow off a dyke. Should they seem to require help from any other nation at starting, blessed will be the nation that proffers it; and the nation that persecutes them will be made an example of in some way or other. Therefore, if by any chance this recent outrage should decide the Jewish leaders to colonize Palestine from Russia, let us freely offer ships, seamen, money – whatever we are asked for. It will be a better national investment than Egyptian, Brazilian or Peruvian bonds."

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"In the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound [i.e. in the forepart of his sounding,] the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets." Rev. 10:7.

Looking backward, who cannot see that our heavenly Father has been pleased to keep some part, and that the very cream or riches of his grace, measurably hidden? In the Patriarchal and Jewish ages only a mere fragment of God's plan was revealed, and that the inferior or earthly part of his plan – the part properly belonging, to those who are to be inheritors of earthly blessings.

Thus, the Apostles tell us of "The mystery of Christ which in other ages was not made known unto the sons of men, as it is now [since Pentecost] revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets," "even the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to HIS SAINTS. To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery." Eph. 3:4,5; Col. 1:26,27; and 1 Pet. 1:10-12. God's plan was complete and perfect from before the foundation of the world, and needs no adding to; but he has kept his plans covered and hidden from the world, and has revealed them only gradually to his church – his saints. Thus while the unfolding of the mystery of God commenced in the days of the Apostles, it will not be finished until the end of this Gospel Age – under the sounding of the seventh trumpet as shown in the Scripture cited above.

We claim no new revelations, for to our understanding the revelations of God to his saints are completed and finished by the records of John on Patmos. But while God's revelation, in the sense of utterance ended eighteen hundred years ago, yet revelation in the sense of understanding those utterances has continued down through the age.

It is revelation in this sense, that Jesus referred to when about to leave the disciples. After having told them many precious things in parables and dark sayings, he said, "I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now: howbeit when he the spirit of truth is come, he will guide you into all truth." "He shall teach you all things and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you." John 16:12,13; and 14:26. Thus during this age the true followers of Christ have been led into a more and more full understanding of God's truth, and a fuller unfolding of the mystery of God, which was entirely hidden from past ages and is to be finished under the seventh trumpet's sounding in the end of this age.

As our readers are aware, we understand that we are now living in the days of the voice of the Seventh Angel. The evidence has already been furnished (and will appear again – in the forthcoming Millennial Day Dawn,) that these trumpets mentioned by the Revelator and by Paul (1 Cor. 15:52; and 1 Thes. 4:16; and Rev. 11:15), are symbolic of a series of events. The sixth of these, we believe, ended Aug. 11, 1840, since which we have been living under the "seventh trumpet," or "last trump," or "trump of God," which continues until the kingdoms of this world, by a great time of trouble, become the kingdoms of our Lord. (Rev. 11:15.) This, prophetic Scriptures show, will not be fully accomplished until A.D. 1914. This is called the Trump of God, probably because during its period of time God exercises his great power over the nations, breaking them in pieces, and grinding to powder the abominable systems of error which have so long flourished and made desolate and void God's Word of truth. And another thing, God, during this period, will finish the mystery by letting his saints (Col. 1:27) come to a full appreciation of his glorious plans. It is thus that we account for the great, beautiful and harmonious light, and the strengthening food now being given us as members of the body of Christ, of which Jesus is the glorified Head.

But there is another sense in which the word mystery is used in Scripture. It is used in the same sense as the word church. Thus the true and false churches are called, "The mystery of God," and "The mystery of iniquity." This is altogether fitting, since the true church is the very embodiment of God's plan, and the false church an embodiment of error and Satan's plan. The mystery of iniquity began in Paul's day, and developed into Papacy and her daughter organizations – which system of errors is to be consumed and destroyed by truth in his presence. (2 Thes. 2:7,8.) The mystery of God began in our Head – Jesus – and is being added to by every true member of the vine or body whose names are written in heaven. This is the mystery of which Paul says – "This MYSTERY... is Christ (the anointing) in you." Col. 1:27.

"This is a great mystery; but I speak concerning Christ and the church." Eph. 5:32. The mystery commenced when God was manifest in the flesh of Jesus. The world could not see how he could be any different from other men; yet the spirit of the Lord God was in him, anointing Jesus with power in expounding the truth, and in sacrificing himself, etc. So, too, the same anointing abideth on all the true church, and as he was, so are we in the world – a mystery to the world which "knoweth us not, because it knew him not." (1 John 3:1.) The world does not recognize in the saints, "sons of God" – "new creatures," "partakers of the divine nature." [R369 : page 2]

Very shortly now, this mystery of God, this company of divinely-begotten sons, will be FINISHED – completed: "The church of the first born" of which Jesus is the head, will soon cease to be, God manifest in the flesh. The entire company shall be glorified together, and "shall shine forth as the Sun in the kingdom of their Father." (Matt. 13:43.) They shall arise in power and strength to bless all the families of the earth. "The Sun of Righteousness shall arise with healing in his wings" – for the Jew first, and also for the Gentile.

It is for the completion of this church that we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to-wit, the redemption of the body of Christ; the ending of the mystery part of God's plan, in the full glory of Millennial brightness and joy. It is for this event also that the world's release from pain and death waits. The whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now, waiting for the manifestation of the Sons of God. Rom. 8:19-24.

The necessity of the vailing of God's mysterious purpose with reference to the church is very evident. If the religious rulers of the Jews had known that Jesus was really the anointed of God, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory. (1 Cor. 2:7,8.) And had the rulers of the world and of the nominal church, recognized the Lord's anointed body during this age, they would not have had the privilege of suffering with their Head.

Again, Paul tells us that God gave him wonderful revelations concerning the mystery, "To make all see what [are the conditions of] fellowship of the mystery." (Eph. 3:3-6,9.) And it is to Paul as our Lord's instrument that we are indebted more than to any other Apostle, for a clear record of the conditions on which we may become members of this mystery band, and as such be in due time revealed in glory of power. He tells us that we must have fellowship in the sufferings of Christ, if we would have share in His coming glory. We must with our head become dead to the world, its ambitions, its prizes, if we would become heirs of the glory which God hath in preparation and reservation for this mystery church of which Jesus is the Head.

We believe that we are just on the eve of the finishing of this church, or mystery. You and I, my brother, are, by our covenants, candidates for a crown of life and a position in the throne of the coming kingdom. Let us make our calling and election to that high position sure, by so running our race as to be approved of God, as living sacrifices for the gospel of truth. We have full little enough time to fulfill all our covenant; let us lay aside every weight and all besetting sins, and run, with patience, the race for the prize of our high calling, that when the church is complete – the mystery finished, we may be among the glorified members. Then no longer the mystery – we shall be Jehovah's agents in blessing all the families of the earth.

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Up, then, and linger not, thou saint of God,
Fling from thy shoulders each impeding load;
Be brave and wise, shake off earth's soil and sin,
That with the Bridegroom thou mayest enter in –
Oh, watch and pray!

Clear hath the voice been heard, Behold, I've come –
That voice that calls thee to thy glorious home,
That bids thee leave these vales and take swift wing,
To meet the hosts of thy descending King; –
And thou may'st rise!

'Tis a thick throng of foes, afar and near;
The grave in front, a hating world in rear;
Yet flee thou canst not, victory must be won,
Ere fall the shadows of thy setting sun: –
And thou must fight.

Gird on thy armor; face each weaponed foe;
Deal with the sword of heaven the deadly blow;
Forward, still forward, till the prize divine
Rewards thy zeal, and victory is thine.
Win thou the crown.


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Our readers are aware that while we believe in Jehovah and Jesus, and the holy Spirit, we reject as totally unscriptural, the teaching that these are three Gods in one person, or as some put it, one God in three persons. The doctrine of the Trinity had its rise in the third century, and has a very close resemblance to the heathen doctrines prevalent at that time, particularly Hindooism.* The only text in Scripture which was ever claimed to prove, or affirm, that the Father, Son and Spirit are one, is a portion of 1 John 5:7,8. This appears only in Manuscripts written since the fifth century, and is acknowledged by all Trinitarians to be a "forgery." So undisputable is this, that the translators of the "Revised Version" recently published, omit the clause without note or comment, though those Revisors were themselves believers in Trinity.

*It was not until the beginning of the fourth century that the Trinitarian views began to be elaborated and formulated into a doctrine and an endeavor made to reconcile it "with the belief of the church in one GOD." "Out of the attempt to solve this problem sprang the doctrine of the "Trinity."...Trinity "is a very marked feature in Hindooism, and is discernible in Persian, Egyptian, Roman, Japanese, Indian and the most ancient Grecian Mythologies." – Abbott & Conant's Religious Dictionary, page 944.

Like some other doctrines received by Protestants through Papacy, this one is received and fully endorsed, though its adherents are aware that not a word of Scripture can be adduced in its support. Nay more, any one who will not affirm this unscriptural doctrine as his faith, is declared by the action of the Evangelical Alliance to be nonorthodox – a heretic.

However, it behooves us as truth seekers, to deal honestly with ourselves and with our Father's Word, which is able to make us truly wise. Therefore, ignoring the traditions and creeds of uninspired men and corrupt systems, let us hold fast the form of sound words received from our Lord and the Apostles. (2 Tim. 1:13.)

Let us inquire of these "standards" and "authorities" of the true church, what is truth on this subject. Paul answers clearly and forcibly – There is "one God and Father of all." (Eph. 4:6.) And again he says, (1 Cor. 8:5-6.) "There be gods many and lords many, but to US there is but one God, the Father, of whom are [or who created] all things, and we in him: and one Lord Jesus Christ by whom are all things, and we by Him." We believe this exactly: All things are of our Father; he is the first cause of all things; and all things are by our Lord Jesus. He "the beginning of the CREATION of God," (Rev. 3:14.) has been the agent of Jehovah in all that has since been done – "Without him was not anything made that was made." (John 1:3.) Jesus' testimony is the same; his claim was that he was "a Son," an obedient son, who did not do his own will, but the Father's who sent him – "Not my will but thine be done." Again Jesus said he could do nothing of himself – "The Father that dwelleth in me, He doeth the works." (John 5:19 and 14:10.) True he said, I and my Father are one, but he shows in what sense he meant they were one, by praying that just so His disciples all might be one. (John 10:30 and 17:11.) It is a oneness which results from having the same mind or spirit; it is the same oneness that should exist between a heart union of man and wife; they twain are one.

It is far from honoring the Master, as many appear to think they do, when they contradict his direct teachings, affirming that Father and Son are one and the same being, equal in all respects. No, says Jesus, "My Father is greater than I." (John 14:28.) And he also says, he is not only his Father but ours: – "I ascend to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God." (John 20:17.) A more correct translation of Phil. 2:6 settles the question of the Father's supremacy, in harmony with other scriptures, such as 1 Cor. 15:28 and John 14:28. The Emphatic Diaglott translation is, "Who though being in a form of God, yet did not meditate a usurpation, to be like God." The idea here, is the very opposite of equality, as conveyed in the King James translation: Jesus did not claim equality, nor aspire to a usurpation of God's authority. That was Satan's claim and effort. Isa. 14:12-14. He said, "I will exalt my throne above the stars of God...I will be like the Most High."

Jesus said: Ye call me Lord and Master and ye do well, for so I am; but call no man on earth Father, for one is your Father, which is in heaven. (Matt. 23:9.) Peter also carries the same thought, saying, "The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ hath begotten us." (1 Pet. 1:3 and Eph. 3:9-11, Gal. 1:3,4, Rom. 16:25-27.) How clear and harmonious are these words of our standards, and we could quote much more in perfect harmony.

Briefly stated then, we find the Scriptures to teach that there is but one Eternal God and Father – who is "from everlasting to everlasting" (Psa. 90:2 and Rom. 16:26,27.) – that [R370 : page 3] the beginning of his creation, since called Jesus, was inferior to the Father, but superior to all subsequent creations, in which work he was the active agent of Jehovah. A redeemer was needed for mankind. In harmony with the Father's wish, but not of compulsion, the first created Son of God had his life principal miraculously transferred to the womb of Mary, was born and grew to manhood – a perfect man. Hence his life principle was not derived from the human channels, and was not that forfeited by the sin of Adam.

He was a fully developed, perfect man, according to The Law, at the age of thirty years; and immediately consecrated himself as a man to the Father's will, offering himself a living sacrifice on our behalf – at baptism. The sacrifice was accepted, and he was imbued or filled with the holy Spirit of the Father. (Matt. 3:16,17.) The power of God came upon him there. (Acts 10:38) This power of God in him was that to which he continually referred. It was the same power that was afterward manifested through Peter, Paul and others, though in Jesus' case it was more marked, because he being a perfect man, could receive the spirit without measure, whereas all imperfect members of his church, may have a measure of the spirit only.

When Jesus' sacrificial ministry was over – ending at the cross, – he had finished his work. When he arose he was no longer a human being, but a "new creature" perfected. We understand that since his resurrection, Jesus is a partaker of the divine nature, hence he must be of the same essence as the Father.

This, the present highly exalted condition of Jesus, we understand Paul to teach, was given him as a reward of obedience to the Father's will. See Phil. 2:8,9.

This Scripture implies that Jesus' present glory is greater than that he possessed before becoming a man, otherwise it would not have been an exaltation. Now, having the divine immortal nature, he could not die.

He is immortal, and consequently could not die now, which proves that it is a higher plane than that our Lord occupied before he endured the cross, becoming obedient unto death. It was the risen Jesus, not the sacrificing one, that claimed power of his own, saying, "All power in heaven and in earth is given unto me."

How straightforward and simple is the scriptural statement, compared with human traditions. For instance, into what a muddle of contradictions do they find themselves, who say that Jesus and the Father are one person. This would involve the thought that Jesus acted the hypocrite, and only pretended to address the Father in heaven, when he himself was the same Father on earth. Such must conclude too, since we read that God tempted not, neither is tempted of any, that the temptation of the devil (Matt. 4.) was only a sham and a farce. So with the death of Jesus, if God is immortal he cannot die, and if Jesus was the Father, then he must only have pretended to die. Then all the statements of Jesus and the prophets and apostles relative to Jesus' death and resurrection are false, and they false witnesses in testifying that God raised Jesus from the dead, if he never died.

If they admit that Jesus really died, they take the other horn of the dilemma; for believing that their three Gods are one in person, when the person Jesus died, they must all have died. If they all died, who raised them to life? This, too, would conflict with the statement of Paul (1 Thes. 1:10.) that the Father raised up Jesus from death; for if the Father and Son are the same being, then the Father was dead.

Shall we thus contradict the Apostles and Prophets and Jesus himself, and ignore common sense and reason, in order to hold on to a dogma handed down to us from the Dark Ages by a corrupt church? I tell you nay. "To the law and to the testimony; if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them." (Isa. 8:20.) We thus see that Father and Son are two separate and distinct persons, though one in mind, purpose, aim, etc.


But next we inquire, What saith the Scriptures relative to the holy Spirit? The nominal church, both Papal and Protestant, affirm that the holy Spirit is a person, and in the same breath they also say that these three persons are at the same time one person – a great mystery. Yes, truly it is a mystery, such as is characteristic of that Babylon, confusion system. But to those who turn away from Babylon's traditions to the Word of God, all is clear and plain. We suggest, that whatever definition of the term holy Spirit will meet all known conditions and harmonize all passages of Scripture bearing thereon, may be understood to be the true meaning. We shall first give our definition and explanation of the term holy Spirit, and then glance at a number of Scriptures bearing on the subject, which are supposed by some to conflict with the views we entertain. These texts were sent to us for explanation by a Baptist minister of Philadelphia, and may reasonably be supposed to be pointed.

We understand the Scriptures to teach that the holy Spirit is not a separate and distinct person, but that it is the divine mind or influence – the motive power of Divinity exercised everywhere and for any purpose, at His pleasure. God exercises his spirit or energy in a great variety of ways, using various agencies, and accomplishing various results.

Whatever God does through agencies is as truly his work as though he were the direct Actor, since all those agencies are of his creation; just as a contractor for a building is said to build a house, though he may never have lifted a tool towards it. He does it with his materials and through his agents. Thus, when we read that Jehovah – God – created the heavens and the earth, (Gen. 2:4.) we are not to suppose that he personally handled it. He used various agencies – "He spake, and it was done; he commanded, and it stood fast. (Psa. 33:6-9.) It did not spring instantly into existence, for we read that time was used in creation – six days, which we think from other Scriptures, were each seven thousand years long, or in all, forty-two thousand years.

We are told plainly that all things are of, or from, the Father – by his energy or spirit; yet that energy was exercised through his Son. The Son of God, afterward called Jesus, was used in the creation of the world. (John 1:3; Heb. 1:8-12.) And when we turn to Genesis, we find it stated that the power which created was God's Spirit: "The Spirit of God brooded over the face of the waters." (Gen. 1:2.) Hence it is a reasonable inference that it was the spirit or mind of Jehovah, active through his Son – the plan of God, executed by the Son.

Another way in which God's Spirit was exercised was through the prophets; They "spoke as they were moved by the holy Spirit" – by the mind or power of God, (2 Pet. 1:21.) though generally they did not understand the import of the words they used. 1 Pet. 1:12. That is, God used them to express his mind, though his mind, his spirit, his thoughts, were not in them. Though they expressed it, they could not understand his mind. (1 Pet. 1:12.) God's spirit acted upon, but not in, them. In that servant age (Heb. 3:5, Gal. 4:4-7) the faithful servant carried the Lord's message as it was laid upon him; but the sons of God during this Gospel age are brought into fellowship with their Father and made acquainted with his plans, thus receiving of his mind or spirit. And having his mind, they become co-workers together with him in carrying out his plans. "The servant," though faithful, "knoweth not what his Lord doeth," but the confidential son is made acquainted with the plans and partakes of his spirit in the work.

The masculine pronoun he, is often applied to the holy Spirit, and properly, because God, whose spirit it is, is recognized as masculine – indicative of strength. It is called the holy Spirit, because God is holy, and because there are other spirits – powers, influences, similar in operation, which [R370 : page 4] are evil. God is true and righteous, hence the Spirit of God is called the "Spirit of truth." It is thus contrasted with the spirit of error, or the influence which error exerts. (1 John 4:6.) Satan is recognized as the chief or prince of evil during the present time, and his influence or spirit is exercised in his servants, in much the same way that the spirit of God works in his children. This is "the spirit which now worketh in the children of disobedience." (Eph. 2:2.) The number seven is often used to represent perfection or completeness. So we read of the seven spirits of God. (Rev. 1:4, and 3:1.) And in like manner we read of seven wicked spirits. (Matt. 12:45.) The spirit or influence of evil proceeds from the "father of lies"; and the spirit or influence of truth proceeds from the heavenly Father. (John 15:26.)

Man is to some extent independent of either of these influences. He has a mind or spirit of his own, (1 Cor. 2:11.) but he is so constituted as to be subject to influences from without, either good or evil. In the present time God permits evil to triumph to some extent, for the testing and development of the "body of Christ," and also for the discipline of mankind in general.

Now the spirit of evil oft transforms itself into an angel of light (truth), and what wonder if he puts forward the children of disobedience, in whom the spirit of error works, and palms them off for saints? (2 Cor. 11:14,15.) What wonder if, under the guise of greater honor to Jesus, he succeeds in deceiving many into unscriptural doctrines; thus beclouding the mind and covering many glorious truths. During this age, when the human mind is surrendered to God, it instantly, under the influence of his spirit of truth, begins to change into [R371 : page 4] a holy or God-like mind. Thus we are transformed (made new creatures) by the renewing of our mind by the holy Spirit of God. Thus we are changed from glory to glory, as by the Spirit of the Lord. (Rom. 12:2; and 2 Cor. 3:18.) This is termed the begetting of the spirit: that is, it is the beginning of the divine life. As in Jesus' case, the moment of consecration is the moment of the beginning of the divine life. Such, God says, he recognizes as sons. In surrendering the mind, the whole being is surrendered, since the mind is the controlling power.

Those who resign themselves are "led of God," "taught of God," and can "serve the Lord in newness of spirit." They will have a "spirit of meekness" and the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory can give unto them the "spirit of wisdom" and revelation in the knowledge of him, the eyes of their understanding being enlightened; that they may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints. (Eph. 1:17,18.)

By contrast too we can see that Satan is the adversary of God and his saints, and his plans to usward, his spirit – influence, would be exercised to oppose the church. He does not oppose openly, but under guise of the Spirit of God. As the "spirit of fear" he attacks many, and if they follow him, they never make progress, but become unfruitful in the knowledge and love of God. The spirit of fear says, it is a great mistake to think that Christ died for all, and it is presumption to believe that all will eventually be released from bondage to death. The same spirit of fear says, your own sins are not forgiven; you are still a miserable sinner. Thus does the spirit of "error," and "fear," and "bondage" give the lie to the statements of the spirit of truth, which says, "There is now, therefore, no condemnation to them that are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh but after the spirit. Rom. 8:1.

As the spirit or mind of God leads to peace, joy and faith in the promised glories, the spirit of error leads to faith in unpromised things, joy in earthly pleasures, and peace in slumber; as we read it is a "spirit of slumber," and alas, how many have been deluded into this condition. Because the influence of the spirit of error is exerted in this underhanded way, it is called a "seducing spirit;" and the Apostle assures us, that "The spirit [of truth] speaketh expressly, that in the latter times some shall depart from the [true] faith, giving heed to seducing spirits. (1 Tim. 4:1.) To what extent Satan has succeeded in seducing God's children, and supplanting truth with his spirit of error, all must judge by noting the testimonies of the word of truth. "The spirit of the World" is another name for the spirit of error, the world being largely under the control of the prince of this world: This spirit or influence works in the children of this world. And the spirit or influence of the world, is one of the mighty levers wherewith the prince of this world opposes the spirit of truth.

Alas, how great an influence and how strong, is exercised by these evil spirits or influences. – The spirit of bondage – of fear – of the world – of pride, of Anti (against) Christ. Hence the injunction, that we test or try, the spirits – prove them; not by their claims and outward appearances, but by the word of God. "Beloved believe not every spirit, [influence – doctrine] but try the spirits, whether they be of God" – and know "the spirit of truth" from "the spirit of error." (1 Jno. 4:1 and 6.)

Those having the mind or spirit of God, are said to be heavenly or spiritually minded, in contrast with those who have the spirit of the world – the worldly or carnally minded. The spiritually minded are so transformed, so entirely different from their former earthly minded condition, that they are called new creatures or new creations. However, the new mental creation, is still identified with the human body – the body of its humiliation. But when the earthly house is destroyed, we have a building of God – a new house – a glorious spiritual body, in harmony with, and fit for the indwelling of the new mind. (2 Cor. 5:1.) As in Jesus' case, the new body will be received in the resurrection; not by all, but by those now mentally or spiritually begotten of the spirit of truth.

The resurrection is the birth of the new creation. Jesus was the first born. (Rev. 1:5.) Thus we reach the perfect spiritual condition – spiritual beings, mind and body. Thus we shall be like unto the angels and like God. God is a spirit – a Heavenly Intelligence, or a spiritual being, with superior capacities and qualities. Such things as pertain to the heavenly condition and can be seen only by the eye of faith through God's word, we call spiritual things.

Now we are prepared to understand Paul's teaching in 1 Cor. 2:9-16. "Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man (the natural man) the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. But God hath revealed them unto us by His Spirit, for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God." That is, having the mind or spirit of God, that new mind prompts us to search into the deep things of God – to study that we may know and do his will, as obedient sons. Having the mind or spirit of our father, we will take heed to his word and plans, that we may work in harmony with him. "For what man knoweth the things [mind, plans] of a man, save the spirit [mind] of man which is in him? Even so, the things of God, knoweth no man, but the spirit of God."

"Now we have received the spirit [or mind] of God, that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God." But "the natural man receiveth not the things of the spirit of God, for they are foolishness unto him, neither can he know them because they are spiritually discerned." They are understood only by those who have the spirit or mind of God. These learn, not by comparing spiritual things with natural things as the natural man does, but by "comparing spiritual things with spiritual."

"He that is spiritual judgeth all things"; he is able to understand and properly estimate both human and spiritual things, and as a result of the comparison, he sacrifices the former, counting it but dross that he may win the latter. "Yet he himself is judged of no man." No natural man can understand or judge of the motives which prompt the spiritually minded "new creature" to sacrifice things valuable to the natural man. Hence we are counted as fools by the worldly minded. (1 Cor. 4:10.)

This mind or spirit of Christ is the same as the spirit of God, for Christ sacrificed his own spirit, and was filled with the spirit of God. "For even Christ pleased not himself." (Rom. 15:3.) Jesus said, "The words that I speak unto you, they are spirit and they are life." That is, they express the mind of God, in giving heed to which, is life. It is for this cause that Jesus said, "Search the Scriptures." We are not to merely read them as a duty, but, as a privilege. We must search them diligently, to the intent that we may know the spirit or mind of God. If we would be filled with the spirit of God we must drink deep of the fountain of truth – his Word. Our earthen vessels are very imperfect and leaky, and it is easy to let the spiritual things slip, (Heb. 2:1.) and very soon the spirit of the world, which is all around us, rushes in to fill the vacuum. Therefore, it behooves us to live very close to the fountain, lest the spirit of God be quenched, and we be filled with the spirit of the world.

But if constantly filled from the fountain of truth, we will not receive the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of [from] God. And it is thus that we may know the things which God hath in reservation for us – even the deep things of God. Thus, we see (vs. 16) that what the natural man could not know, we, receiving the mind, influence, or spirit of God, may know. Therefore, "Let the same mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus," for "if any man have not the spirit of Christ he is none of his." (Rom. 8:9.)

The holy Spirit or mind should not be confounded with the fruits of the spirit or the gifts of the spirit. Its possession always yields fruit – patience, meekness, charity, etc. In the beginning of this age its possession was often accompanied not only by fruit, but also by miraculous gifts of teaching, tongues, miracles, etc. (1 Cor. 12); but these have largely passed away, as well as their necessity – the gift of teaching being one of those remaining needful to the body.

Believing that the foregoing is a consistent and correct statement of the Bible teachings on this subject, which the scriptures quoted, we think, prove, we proceed to examine the texts supposed to conflict with this understanding; and we will see that they do not oppose, but sustain the above. It should be born in mind, however, that the translators of the Scriptures from Greek into English were trinitarians, and naturally translated as much in harmony with their belief as they could.


Before proceeding to the texts suggested by our brother, we will examine three which we think important, which he has not mentioned.

(a) "Quench not the spirit." (1 Thes. 5:19.) To quench signifies to extinguish, as to extinguish a fire or a light. The Greek word from which it is translated occurs eight times in the New Testament, and in every other text it refers to quenching fire or light. Carry the thought with you – By reason of having God's holy mind or spirit, we are called "the light of the world" (Matt. 5:14); but if we should be seduced into worldliness by the spirit of the world, our light would be quenched, or extinguished. "If the light that is in thee become darkness [be extinguished], how great is that darkness?" (Matt. 6:23.) [R372 : page 4]

(b) "Grieve not the holy spirit of God whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption." (Eph. 4:30.) To seal, is to mark or to designate. The children of this world may be distinguished by certain marks, and so may the "new creatures." The mark of the one class is the spirit (mind) of the world; in the other class the seal or mark is the spirit (mind) of God. From the moment of true consecration to God, the evidence, or marks, or sealing, may be seen in words, thoughts, and actions. These marks grow more and more distinct daily, if we keep growing in grace, knowledge, and love. In other words, the spirit (mind) of God, becomes OUR mind or spirit, if the same mind be in us that was also in Christ Jesus our Lord. Hence, our new mind is a holy or God-directed mind.

In this text the Apostle urges that we do nothing which will wound our conscience. "Grieve not the holy spirit [mind] of God [in you] whereby ye are sealed," etc.

(c) The spirit of truth – "shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, he shall speak, and he will show you things to come." (John 16:13.) The disciples, as Jews and natural men, had been looking at things from an earthly standpoint, expecting a human deliverer and a human kingdom. Jesus had talked of the kingdom, but not until now had he explained that he must die, and must then leave them to go into a far country to receive the kingdom and to return. (Luke 19:12.) Comforting them, he assures them of another who would lead them and teach them – a Comforter that the Father would send in his name, or as his representative for a time. They must not get the idea that the coming Comforter is to be another Messiah, or Leader, or a different Teacher; hence he says: "He shall not speak of himself"; that is, he shall not teach independently and out of harmony with my teaching. "But whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak. That is, the same things which I have taught, or which have been heard, he will elaborate and teach more fully – "He shall glorify me, for he shall [R372 : page 5] receive of mine, and shall show it unto you." "All things that the Father hath are mine (His plans and my plans are all one); therefore, said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall show it unto you." The new teacher will not turn your minds from me to himself – but all the teachings of the coming Comforter will be in harmony with my teachings – and to show you more fully that I am the Messiah. Neither might they doubt the truth of the Comforter's teachings, for it is the Spirit of truth, and proceeds from the Father. (John 15:26.) This Spirit of truth will be my messenger to communicate to you my matters, and shall show you things to come.

It has been so – the Spirit of truth has been showing to the church during this age more and more of the coming glory and glorious work of Christ, and the depth of the riches of God's plans to be fulfilled in him. Thus, he has been glorified in the Church.

Objection 1. "But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance whatsoever I have said unto you." (John 14:26.)

The fact that the Father sends the holy Spirit shows that it is under his authority, just as your powers are under your control. (See 1 Cor. 14:32.) Ghost is but another and bad translation of pneuma, generally rendered spirit. Only those who have followed in the footsteps of Jesus, sacrificing the human will and receiving the mind or spirit of God, can understand the import of these words of Jesus. To the natural man, an explanation of this text is impossible; but he who has the mind of Christ realizes that it is a comforter indeed. No matter how painful the crucifying of the flesh may be, we have learned to view it all from God's standpoint, and to esteem present afflictions as light, compared with the glory that shall be revealed in us.

The mind of Christ, or the new spirit, leads us to search the Scriptures, God's storehouse of truth: Thus the spirit of truth works in us. It also acts upon us by helping our infirmities and enabling us to comprehend his Word, that we through patience and comfort of the Scriptures, might have hope while enduring present afflictions. (Rom. 8:26 and 15:4.)

(2) "And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost [spirit] and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance." Acts 2:6. In this case, not only were the disciples filled with the Spirit or mind of God, which was God working in them, but God, or the Spirit of God acted upon them, conferring special gifts, for a special purpose. It must seem absurd to every one to talk about a person being in several hundred persons, but many feel compelled to say so, because of their unscriptural theory. In thinking of it, every intelligent thinker has to think of the power or influence of God in those men, no matter how stoutly they say that it was a person who was diffused into a number of persons.

(3) "But Peter said, Ananias, why hath Satan filled thine heart, to lie to the Holy Ghost, and to keep back part of the price of the land?" (Acts 5:3.) Satan had filled Ananias' heart with his spirit of covetousness. God had filled Peter with His spirit, and one of the gifts of God's spirit conferred upon Peter, was the gift of "discerning of spirits." (1 Cor. 12:10.)

In verse 3, the lying is said to be unto the Holy Ghost (spirit or mind of God), and in vs. 4, it is said to be unto God. The idea is the same and defines the term Holy Ghost or Holy Spirit to be the mind of God, whether in the Father, or in his representatives and agents.

(4) "Then Peter said unto her, How is it that ye have agreed together, to tempt the Spirit of the Lord." (Acts 5:9.) As with Ananias, so with his wife, their lying was reckoned to be not to Peter and the church as men, but to God whose agent and representative through the Spirit, Peter was.

(5) "But whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come." Matt. 12:32. Read context – Jesus had just exercised the power of God by casting out a devil. The Pharisees saw the miracle and could not deny it; but, to turn aside its force, they said that it was by the power of the devil that he had cast out the devil, and not by God's power. But in answer, Jesus claims that he cast out devils by the Spirit [influence or power] of God. (Vs. 28) Then he upbraids them for being so malicious – a generation of vipers, so set on the traditions of their church that their eyes were blinded against the simplest kind of reasoning. It was so plainly evident that the power which opposed and cast out evil must be good, that they were inexcusable in ascribing it to Satan. They might and would be freely forgiven for supposing him, as a man, an impostor, and hence blaspheming him; but they were wholly inexcusable for that gross prejudice which would ascribe such a good deed to the power of Satan. This, their sin, would not be among those forgiven. It must be punished; it will neither be forgiven in the present life, nor in the next – the Millennial Age; it indicates more than Adamic depravity, and must have stripes. (See "Food for Thinking Christians," page 50 – The Unpardonable Sin.)

(6) "The Spirit said unto Philip, Go near and join thyself to this chariot." Acts 8:29. We fail to see in this anything demanding another God. We think that the influence or spirit of God could indicate this to Philip in a variety of ways. In what way he was influenced is not stated. It is immaterial to us.

(7) "The Spirit said unto him, Behold, three men seek thee." Acts 10:19. We would make the same criticism of this, as of the former objection. It is immaterial how the power or spirit of God addressed to Peter this information; possibly it came as an inspired thought into his mind – possibly guided by the men's voices and the three visions.

(8) "The Holy Ghost said, separate me, Barnabas and Saul, for the work whereunto I have called them." Acts 13:2. We are not told in what manner the holy Spirit said or indicated the setting apart specially of these two. It is probable however, that they were "called," and "set apart" by the holy Spirit in much the same manner that all true ministers of God are now called and set apart. All fully consecrated – begotten – children of God are called to preach; each according to his ability. The Spirit says to us all, "Why stand ye idle...go, ye, also into the vineyard." But, where special ability to teach or expound God's Word is possessed by any of the company, that special ability is recognized as a special call to the more public work of the ministry – as a call of the holy Spirit. In relating his call to the ministry, (Gal. 1:1.) Paul mentions his authority as from the Father and Son, but ignores the holy Spirit entirely; which would be inexcusable if the holy Spirit were a person, and, in fact, THE person actually appointing him. But it is consistent enough, when we regard the holy Spirit as the holy influence from the Father or the Son, or both conjointly, as their will and purposes are one. Gal. 1:1, says: "Paul, an apostle, not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead."

(9) "For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost and to us," etc. Acts 15:28. The decision reached in the matter under consideration, seemed to be the judgment of the church and in harmony with God's will and plan.

James, the chief speaker at the counsel, gives the clue to how God's will or mind was ascertained then; and we find it the same method which we use to-day. He argues from Peter's statement of God's leadings in the matter of Cornelius; and from an unfulfilled prophecy which he quotes. The conclusion drawn from these, he and all the church accepted as the holy Spirit's teaching. (Read carefully vss. 13-18.) [R373 : page 5]

(10) "And were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the Word in Asia." Acts 16:6. Like the others, this text in no way indicates that the holy Spirit is a person. As to how God's power or influence was exercised to direct their course away from Asia we know not, but possibly by unfavorable circumstances, or a vision. No matter how, the lesson is, that God was guiding the apostles. An illustration of one of the Spirit's ways of leading them, is given in the context, vs. 9. "A vision appeared to Paul in the night. There stood a man of Macedonia, and prayed him, saying, "Come over into Macedonia, and help us"; and after he had seen the vision, immediately they endeavored to go into Macedonia assuredly gathering that the Lord had called them for to preach the gospel unto them." All these various dealings teach us that the methods by which God taught and led in those days were not so different from those now in use, as some seem to think.

(11) "Save that the Holy Ghost witnesseth in every city, saying, that bonds and afflictions abide me." Acts 20:23. Nothing here indicates personality. As an illustration of the agencies by which the holy power of God informed Paul, see Acts 21:4,11,14.

(12) "The flock over which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers to feed the church of God." Acts 20:28. Paul, addressing the church, not the world, says, "The manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man [in Christ] to profit withal" – "GOD hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers," etc. – "and there are diversities of operations, but it is the same GOD which worketh all – in all." (1 Cor. 12:6,7,28.) This explains how God, through his holy Spirit sets apart men to various offices which he deems needful to the church.

(13) "Thus saith the Holy Ghost," etc. Acts 21:11. See explanation number 11.

(14) "God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit, for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God."...(15) "Which things also we speak not in the words which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy Ghost teacheth." 1 Cor. 2:10-13. (Read context) This we have already found to prove that the holy Spirit or mind of God in us as His children, enables us to comprehend his plans, etc., even the deep things of God, by coming into full harmony with him through his Word. We have also noticed the context vs. 12, where Paul, in explaining the subject, tries to make it plain by comparing "the SPIRIT, which is of [from] God," in us, with "the SPIRIT of the world," which influences "the natural man." It is clear that the spirit of the world is not a person, but a worldly mind. The spirit or mind of God in his children, is no more a person than is the spirit of the world with which it is here contrasted.

(16) "But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God; for they are foolishness unto him; neither can he know them, for they are spiritually discerned." Vs. 14. This is a forcible statement of what we have already seen in numbers 14 and 15, viz. A man who is filled with the worldly spirit is unprepared to see the "deep" and glorious things of God – the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. This is a close test if applied. Have you the Spirit of God? Have you been taught by it [through the Word] any "deep things" which the natural, worldly man cannot appreciate?

Alas! how often we have felt the force of this distinction between natural and spiritual as we have talked with some of the professed teachers of to-day, the great majority of whom are blind leaders of the blind, when they confessed and sometimes boasted of their ignorance of "the things which God hath prepared for them that love him." Thereby they proclaim that they have not the mind of God, do not know his plans, have not much of his Spirit. The test here given of our possession of the Spirit is our knowledge of his plans and deep things which are hidden from the worldly – "God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit."


(17) "The Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered, and he that searcheth the hearts, knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit. Rom. 8:26,27.

How much this expression of our Father's loving care has been misunderstood by his children! Who has not wondered that if the holy Spirit is a person – a part of the infinite God, and, as the catechism states it, equal in power – why, if all powerful, should it be impossible for the holy Spirit to utter groans? Many a Christian brother has endeavored to make up for this supposed weakness or inability of the holy Spirit to express itself, by redoubled groanings.

But it would be equally strange if it be understood to mean that the holy Spirit, as the influence or power of the Almighty Jehovah, is unable to express itself. We know how, in past ages, this influence found abundant expression by words and deeds of prophets. We know how, in this age, the apostles all attest of its power over them. What can it mean, then – "The Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered"? The mistake is, in supposing that it is God's Spirit which supplicates. It is the spirit of the saints which supplicates and often cannot express itself. [R373 : page 6]

Let us look at this text with its connections, and this will be evident. Paul has just been speaking of sin and death-burdened humanity groaning in its fetters. He assures us that they shall be given liberty from this bondage when the church is selected from the world, and as sons of God manifested in power; the great deliverer whom Jehovah raises up to bless all the families of the earth. (Vss. 19-21.) He then passes from the groaning of the world to the present condition of the church, in which we groan: "Ourselves also, which have the first fruits of the spirit, even we groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption." (Vs. 23.)

Our renewed, transformed mind or spirit, once worldly, is now spiritual and holy; but our bodies are still human, and have the Adamic imperfections. Hence, we, as new creatures, are burdened by the flesh, and groan for the deliverance into Christ's likeness. Paul explains how we may, by faith, reckon the earthly body dead, and think of ourselves as new creatures perfected, and thus realize ourselves saved now – "Saved by HOPE. (Vs. 24.) Then, having seen how we may view ourselves, he tells us how the matter is viewed from God's standpoint – God reckons us "new" and "holy" – "spiritual" beings – and he recognizes only those deeds of the flesh as ours, to which our minds consent. God knows when your holy spirit (new mind) is willing and your flesh weak.

As the receiving of the new mind brought us into a new relationship to God, and into new hopes, so "likewise the spirit (our new holy mind) also helpeth [maketh up for] our [bodily] infirmities. For we know not [even] what we should pray for as we ought; [much less are we able to do] but the spirit itself [our holy mind] maketh intercession [for us – omit] with groanings which cannot be uttered. And he that searcheth the hearts [God], knoweth what is the mind [Gr. phronema – inclination] of the [our] spirit; because he [it] maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God." It is God's will that the heart-desires of his children shall be accepted, both in prayer and service, and not the imperfections of their earthen vessels.

O, how comforting is this thought! How often you have experienced it. You were perhaps overtaken in a fault, entrapped by the weakness of the human nature, or trouble, and almost disheartened, you went to your Father in prayer. You had no words for utterance, but you groaned in spirit to God – "being burdened." God heard you and blessed you, answering your unuttered prayer and giving strength. Paul's conclusion is ours; we have every cause for rejoicing. What shall we say then? "If God be for us, who can be against us?" (Vs. 31.)


(18) "The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit that we are the children of God." Rom. 8:16.

Nothing in this text teaches that the holy Spirit is a person, but the contrary; it indicates that as each man has a spirit or mind, so God has a spirit. Read this text in the light of 1 Cor. 2:11,12, thus comparing Scripture with Scripture, and it is easily seen that it does not teach a personal holy Spirit. But, though not pertinent to the subject, it may be of interest and profit, for us to see how the Spirit beareth witness with our spirits on this important subject of our being God's children. On few subjects have Christians in general, felt more disturbed. Thus, the Calvinist, repudiating the idea of positive knowledge of sonship, sings:

"'Tis a point I long to know,
Oft it causes anxious thought:
Do I love the Lord or no?
Am I His, or am I not?"

This comes from a misapprehension of the doctrine of Election. Other Christians, equally misunderstanding the Scriptures, lay hold of this text relative to the witness of the Spirit, and claim that when they feel good, they have the witness of sonship. Because the Scriptures say, "Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, whose mind is stayed on thee," they judge of their sonship solely by their peace, and often by their prosperity. They lose sight of the words of Jesus – "In the world ye shall have tribulation, but in me ye shall have peace." [R374 : page 6]

When things move smoothly they feel good, and consider this the witness of the Spirit. But when they look at the heathen and at the worldly, and see them have peace of mind too, their supposed witness proves insufficient. Then the dark hour comes – a Gethsemane – and they say, How easy a matter to be deceived, and sing –

"Where is the peace I once enjoyed,
When first I found the Lord?"

They are in torment lest they have grieved the Spirit – for "fear hath torment." This is all because of the unscriptural view taken of the Spirit and its dealings and witnessings. Let us take the Bible view of the witness of the Spirit (mind) of God, with our spirit (mind), and we can sing –

"How firm a foundation, ye saints of the Lord,
Is laid for your faith in His excellent Word."

As we would know of a man's mind or spirit, by his words and dealings, so we are to know of God's mind by his words and dealings. God's word is, that whosoever [consecrates] cometh unto God by Jesus is accepted. (Heb. 7:25.) Then, the first question to ask yourself is, Did I ever fully consecrate myself to God – my life, my time, talents, influence, – all? If you can candidly answer before God – Yes, I gave myself wholly to him; then I assure you on the authority, not of your feelings, but of God's Word, which, unlike your feelings, is unchangeable, that you then and there instantly became a child of God – a member, a branch of the true vine. (John 15:1.) This is an evidence, or witness that you have joined the true church, which is Christ's body.

Whether you are abiding in him now, depends on whether you have grown as a branch, and are bearing fruit: "Every branch in me that beareth not fruit, he taketh away, and every branch that beareth fruit he purgeth [pruneth] it, that it may bring forth more fruit." Here is stated the rule in our Father's family – chastisements, pruning, taking away of dross, and a development of fruit-bearing qualities. If you lack these indications of parental care, and personal growth in grace, you lack one evidence that you are a child. "Whom the Lord loveth, he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. If ye be without chastisement, then are ye bastards and not sons." (Heb. 12:8.) Afflictions and troubles come upon the world as well as upon the Lord's saints, but are not marks of sonship except to those who have fully consecrated to his service. Nor is the pruning and chastising in the Divine family always the same. As with earthly children, so with God's children; to some, a look of disapproval, to others a word of rebuke is an all-sufficient reproof. Others must be scourged repeatedly. An earthly parent rejoices most in the child so obedient and submissive that a look or word is sufficient to prune off evil; and so does our Father in heaven. Such are those who judge themselves, and therefore need less of the chastening of the Lord. (1 Cor. 11:31.) To be of this class, requires a full consecration; and these are the overcomers deemed worthy of being joint heirs with Jesus Christ their Lord, whose footsteps they thus follow.

Here is one testimony of the Spirit then – that every true child or branch needs, and will have continual pruning. Are you being pruned? If so, that is an evidence of your being a branch; in this, the Spirit of truth bears witness with your spirit that you are a child.

Again the Spirit witnesseth that "whosoever is born [begotten] of God sinneth not." (1 John 5:18.) Such may be overtaken in a fault, may err in judgment, be overpowered by the old nature not yet under control, but will never sin wilfully – will never willingly transgress God's will. Now can your mind answer that you delight to do God's will, and would not willingly violate or oppose it? If so, the witness of your spirit, or mind, agrees with the spirit of truth, indicating that you are a child of God.

The witness of the Spirit is that the true branches of the vine, like the vine, Christ Jesus are not of the world – "If ye were of the world, the world would love his own, but because ye are not of the world...therefore the world hateth you." "Yea, and all that will live Godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution." (2 Tim. 3:12.) Does your mind testify that it is so in your experience? If so, then the Spirit of God again witnesseth with yours, that you are a child. Remember that the world spoken of by Jesus, included all worldly-minded ones, all in whom the spirit of the world has a footing. In Jesus' day, this was true of the nominal Jewish Church. In fact nine-tenths of his persecution came from professors of religion. Marvel not if you should have a similar experience. It was the chief religionists of his day, that called Jesus Beelzebub – a prince of devils; and he tells us, "If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub how much more shall they call them of his household." (Matt. 10:25.) If Jesus had joined hands in their Pharisaism he would have had no "hate" nor "persecution." Even had he kept quiet and let their hypocrisies, shams, long prayers and false teachings alone, he would have been let alone and would not have suffered. So with us.

The Spirit witnesses that whosoever is ashamed of Jesus and his words, of him shall he be ashamed. (Mark 8:38.) Does your spirit witness that you are one whom he will confess? If so, rejoice; you are a child and an heir.

The Spirit witnesseth that "Whosoever is born [begotten] of God overcometh the world: and this is the victory that overcometh the world, even our faith." (1 John 5:4.) Is this your experience? To overcome indicates that you are not in harmony with the world, its spirit, and its methods. Have you this witness that you are overcoming the world? Wait a moment – you are not to overcome the world by flattery, nor by joining in its follies, nor are you to overcome the world by teaching a Sunday class, or joining a sectarian church – no; but by your faith. If an overcomer, you must walk by faith, not by sight. Looking not at the things that are seen – popularity, worldly show, numbers, denominational greatness, etc.; but looking at the things which are not seen – the crown, the throne, the church whose names are written in heaven – the eternal things. (2 Cor. 4:18.)

Again, the Spirit witnesseth that if you are a child of God, you will not be ignorant of his Word, and will not only be in the light as to present truth, but should know something about "things to come." The maturing child will grow in grace, knowledge, and love, adding daily the graces of the Spirit – faith, virtue, knowledge, charity, etc. And "if these things be in you and abound, they make you that ye shall neither be barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. But he that lacketh these things is blind and cannot see afar off, etc...for if ye do these things ye shall never fall, for so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly, into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ." (2 Pet. 1:5-11; compare John 16:12-15.) Ask yourself whether you have this witness of progress – growth, and this sort of fruit mentioned. Remember too, that you cannot grow in love faster than you grow in knowledge; and you cannot grow in favor, except by complying with God's instructions. This instruction, this knowledge, is found in his Word. Hence, "search the Scriptures," that you may be thoroughly furnished unto every good word and work. (2 Tim. 3:17.)

This is the witness of the Spirit by which we may know perfectly just how we stand. You may be a young sprout in the vine; then, of course, God does not expect much fruit instantly; but there should be the budding at once, and soon the fruits. And if you are a developed and advanced Christian, every testimony of the Spirit above cited should witness with your spirit – mind. If in any of these testimonies of the Spirit, you find yourself lacking, give diligence, give earnest heed, that you may possess every experience described. Then you will no longer sing –

"'Tis a point I long to know," but will know, and be rooted and grounded, built up and established in truth and love.

"When darkness seems to vail His face,
You'll rest in His unchanging grace;
His oath, His covenant, and His blood,
Supporting 'neath the whelming flood."


"Ye are washed – sanctified – justified, in the name of our Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God." 1 Cor. 6:11.

Sanctification means a setting apart or separating. Those who are sanctified, or set apart to God – fully consecrated – must first be justified or cleansed from Adamic sin by accepting in faith the testimony of God, that "Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures." Being then justified by faith, we have peace with God, and can then approach him and begin to do works acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. The evidence which we have of acceptance is the testimony of the spirit of truth in the Word, and the "seal" and "witness" in ourselves – our transformed mind.

Sanctification is of two parts – first a consecration, and second the performance of that consecration in our daily life. The power which enables us to live up to our consecration vows is the Spirit or mind of our God [R375 : page 7] of which we receive – The Spirit of truth received by the study and obedience of our Father's words, gives needed strength for the overcoming of the human nature and the spirit of the world.

To this agree other Scriptures. Paul prayed: "The very God of peace sanctify you wholly"; Peter says, Ye are "elect...through sanctification [setting apart] of the Spirit, unto obedience." Again, that the sanctifying power, or spirit in us is the spirit of truth, is shown by Paul's statement, that Christ sanctifies and cleanses the church by the Word. Eph. 5:26. Jesus prayed: "Sanctify them through thy truth; thy Word is truth." (John 17:17.)

All thus sanctified are reckoned new creatures in Christ, and are addressed as "them that are sanctified in Christ." (1 Cor. 1:2.) That it is by reason of our sanctification of spirit that we are one, is shown by the statement: "Both he that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one; for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren." (Heb. 2:11.) Thus it is that we are "washed – sanctified – justified in the name of our Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God."


"When he ['the Spirit of truth'] is come he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment." (John 16:8-11.)

The spirit of God is not in the children of this world. Theirs is "the spirit of the world." The "spirit of the world," or "the carnal mind is enmity against God." The Spirit or mind of God is in believers only. Hence wherever we find it, it is a seal, or mark of sonship. "By whom also ye were sealed after that ye had believed, the Gospel of your salvation." (Eph. 1:13.) "If any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his." The Spirit of God by means of its fruits, and its witness through the Word, is the evidence of our begetting to the family of God, it is "the spirit of adoption whereby we cry, Abba Father." (Rom. 8:15.) It must be evident to all then, that the Spirit in us, is not the spirit which is in the worldly.

Then the question arises, in what sense does the Spirit of God – the Spirit of truth – the Spirit of Christ – in us reprove the world? We reply that being in us, it constitutes us (the true church) the light of the world. It is the light which shines from the true christian, which reproves or condemns and opposes the darkness of this world. Jesus when anointed of the Spirit of God declared "I am the Light of the world." And again, "As long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world." (John 8:12 and 9:5.) Addressing his church of this age, sanctified by the same holy Spirit, he says "Ye are the light of the world" – let your light shine before men. (Matt. 5:14-16.) Paul addressing the same body of Christ, says, Ye were once "darkness but now are ye light in the Lord; walk ye as children of light." (Eph. 5:8 and 1 Thes. 5:5.) "For God... [the spirit of God, the spirit of truth] hath shined in our hearts to give the light of the knowledge of the glory of God." (2 Cor. 4:6.)

Thus we see that it is the light of God's truth or mind shining in our hearts, which shines out upon the world – We are to "do all things without murmurings and disputings; that we may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God without rebuke in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world; holding forth the word of life." (Phil. 2:15.)

It is thus seen, that not directly but by a reflex light – through those who possess it, the spirit operates upon (but not in) the world: for the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God neither can he know them. (1 Cor. 2:14.) The Apostle thus explains the reproving of the world by the Spirit in the saints, saying, "Walk as children of light,... and have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness but rather reprove them...All things that are reproved are made manifest [shown to be wrong] by the light." Eph. 5:8-13.

The light which shines from a saint's sanctified life – sanctified through (not without) the truth, is the holy Spirit – the mind of Christ dwelling in you richly, and working out in harmony with, not in ignorance of, the plan of God. This light reproves the darkness of the world – convincing those who see it, as to what is sin, and showing what is righteousness, and they will reason of a coming judgment, when righteousness will receive some reward and sin some punishment.

But "if the light that is in thee [become] darkness, how great is that darkness?" This is the condition of the nominal systems of "Babylon." Because they have taken the creeds and traditions of men, they have the "spirit of fear" and of "bondage." Because they have neglected the words of the Lord – the word of truth, they have lost the "spirit of truth" and received the "spirit of error." Because they have lost the spirit of truth, they have lost that sanctifying (separating) power, and have become imbued with the "spirit of the world" and the spirit of error; hence the light to reprove the world no longer shines out from them. As a natural result, the worldly feel themselves very slightly reproved by the nominal church and superior to a large majority of nominal christians. Is it then any wonder that conversions have almost ceased?

The true church always has been a light in the world; but as with its head, the light has shined in the darkness; and though the darkness recognizes the reproof of its presence, it comprehends it not. Therefore they have always persecuted the lightbringers, because they knew not our Father, nor our Lord, nor his body (John 16:3.) It has always been its mission to shine out truth and reprove evil. And its reproof has always been chiefly to nominal systems and professors.

We believe that in most of these "bundles" – sects, (Matt. 13:30.) there are still some grains of wheat, some consecrated ones in whom the spirit of truth still has some residence. But such, should see that their influence for truth, and their light is hidden among the worldly mass. For such God is now raising up in every direction, a voice, saying, "Come out of her my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins and receive not of her plagues." (Rev. 18:4.) God's Spirit through His Word, has shown us as a people, that the reason this message is due now, and was not due before 1878, is, that we are now in the "HARVEST" which "is the end of the age:" and the time for executing the command – "Gather my saints together unto me, those that have made a covenant with me by (self) sacrifice – is now come. This has been clearly shown from the Prophecies to which we do well that we take heed as unto a light. These will be elaborated more fully in the forthcoming "Millennial Day Dawn."


A common error among God's children to-day, and one arising from an improper conception of the holy Spirit, is the supposed necessity for frequent baptisms of the Spirit. We are told, "Be ye filled with the Spirit": and we would urge the necessity of constantly receiving supplies of grace to help our infirmities. We need constantly to go to the fountain to replenish, because our "earthen vessels" are very defective, and the spirit of Christ easily slips out, being under constant pressure from the spirit of the world. But to be filled with the Spirit is something totally different from the Baptism of the Spirit.

So far as we are informed, there have been but three baptisms of the Spirit in all: First, Jesus was so baptized; second, the disciples at Pentecost were similarly baptized; third, Cornelius and his family were so baptized. These three baptisms were in reality but one, as already shown from the Levitical type. The holy anointing oil was poured upon the head and ran down over the body. The same Spirit given to our Head – Jesus – descended on the church at Pentecost, and has since been running down over and anointing all that are his. In these three cases, it was an outward manifestation which witnessed specially that God recognized such as his. To convince the natural man, the reception was accompanied by various "gifts." (1 Cor. 14:22.) To them, these gifts were the evidences of the possession of the Spirit and acceptance with God.

The Spirit, or mind, of God is now received without the gifts, and without outward manifestation. Those manifestations and gifts being now recorded in the Word of God, and not (or with few exceptions) in the persons and deeds of his children. Paul testified that he might have gifts, or be acted upon by the Spirit, and yet be almost destitute of the Spirit of love and sacrifice itself – and thus be but "a tinkling cymbal" (1 Cor. 13:1.) Thus we see that the gifts were not a mark of special favor toward those exercised by them. What we may have of the "witness" of the Spirit, is a far better criterion of our spiritual condition, than if possessed of the mountain-moving, tongue-speaking, and miracle-working power, without the internal witness of harmony with God's Word.

Since Cornelius, there have been no such baptisms or OUTWARD MANIFESTATIONS of God's favor; but instead, the inward unseen witness of the Spirit of truth with our spirit, that we are children and heirs.

Nor should we wonder at this: the church was like two rooms, hitherto unopened – locked up. The one room represents the Jewish believers in Jesus; the other the Gentile believers. Both were to be henceforth thrown open and used. There must be an opening and demonstration, after which, the doors standing open, needed no further re-opening. Peter unlocked or opened both of these doors. At Pentecost he did the opening work to the Jews who had believed. (Acts 2:14-41.) And when about three and one-half [R376 : page 7] years after, it became God's due time to receive the Gentile believers into the same privileges of sonship, Peter was again used to open that door – being sent to Cornelius, the first Gentile convert. (Acts 10.) Thus he used the "keys of the kingdom of heaven" (church), and opened the way as Jesus had foretold. (Matt. 16:19.) Keys represent power and authority. He needed more than one, because hitherto Jew and Gentile were totally distinct, and the Gentiles were not fellow heirs, and of the same body.

If this acceptance of Jewish born believers was indicated once for all at Pentecost, why should God repeat it to others now? If the acceptance of Gentile born believers was clearly shown in Cornelius' case, why should a repetition be asked? There is nothing in Scripture to indicate that such baptisms were ever repeated.

Some now meet and agonize and pray for a Pentecostal baptism of the holy Spirit. They look back to that with special longings, thinking that it was something not now possessed by the saints, whereas the things not now possessed are merely the gifts of the Spirit. This is wrong – it is looking from the standpoint of the natural mind. It is looking at the things that are seen, and not at the things unseen and eternal for a basis of faith. They were just coming out of the fleshly into the spiritual dispensation, and must needs have something which the natural man might recognize, to mark the new era. We repeat, the GIFTS were in the church not to convince the saints of their acceptance with God, but to convince the natural man. (See 1 Cor. 14:22.) The WITNESS of the Spirit was for the saints.

The church in general had the gifts, but they did not all receive those gifts at Pentecost, nor by a baptism of the Spirit. The eleven apostles, with Paul, the Lord's choice for the place of Judas, possessed the special power of communicating those gifts by laying on of hands (compare Acts 8:13,14,17-19); but those who received the gifts from their hands could not re-communicate it to others.

But, while it is entirely out of harmony with God's Word to pray for another baptism of the holy Spirit, it is right to pray to be kept filled with the holy Spirit. The Father in heaven is more willing to give the Spirit to those that ask him, than earthly parents are to give good gifts to their children. (Luke 11:13.) When we ask for anything, it implies that we want it, and if wholly consecrated, we should want to receive the holy Spirit in the way God wishes to give it. We pray for daily food, and properly, but if we do nothing more than pray, God might let us starve. He puts within our reach the needful means of procuring the food, and we say the food comes from him from whom cometh every good gift. When we pray for the Spirit, and desire to "be filled with the Spirit," it is well. God has already provided all the means necessary to the fulfillment of our request. The "Spirit of truth" stands ready to give us the filling we desire, but we must partake of – eat – the feast, or we will not be filled. He who will not eat of a full table will be empty and starve, as truly as though there were no food. Neither will the asking of a blessing on food fill you; you must eat it.

The Spirit of truth speaks to us (through the Word) and by obedience to those words, we shall be filled with the Spirit. It was Jesus himself who said "The words that I speak unto you, they are spirit and they are life." (John 6:63.) And of those who are filled with the Spirit it is true as spoken by the prophet, [R376 : page 8] "Thy words were found and I did eat them." (Jer. 15:16.) It is useless then, for us to pray, Lord, Lord, give us the Spirit, and neglect the Word of truth from whence that Spirit is to be supplied. It is for this reason that many who meet often and pray much for the holy Spirit, are "still but babes in Christ," and many seek the outward signs as proof of relationship, instead of the inward witness with the Word of truth.

It is because, as we have just seen, we have something to do if we would be filled with the Spirit, as surely as we have something to do if we would have natural food, that the Apostle addresses us – "Be ye filled with the Spirit" (Eph. 5:18.) – indicating that it rests ENTIRELY WITH US, since the doors were opened at Pentecost and at Cornelius' house.

"He shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost and with fire." Matt. 3:10-12. These words were spoken to the Jews as a nation, and Jesus was the one who would do the baptizing. So many of that nation as received Jesus were baptized of the holy Spirit at Pentecost, and the remainder were baptized with fire – trouble. The time of trouble which finally, in A.D. 70, destroyed that nation, was the fiery baptism so oft foretold concerning them by the Prophets, and now repeated by John. The three verses here connected (10-12) refer to the same fire. The unfruitful tree cast into the fire, and the chaff burned, represent those of that nation who "knew not the time of their visitation."


There is to be another future outpouring of God's Spirit, accompanied by remarkable and demonstrating gifts. But this will not be the same as the previous outpouring in all respects. The baptisms and gifts at the beginning of this age were indications that those who received them were sons of God on the spiritual plane – new creatures. The next outpouring will be a sign of relationship to God as human sons, not as "new" or spiritual ones.

It has frequently been shown that God's design is, through Christ, in the coming age, to restore all of the human race who are willing, from the condition of human sinners, back to the condition of human sons – the position occupied by Adam before he sinned. (Luke 3:38.) – this is the great Restitution mentioned by Peter, Acts 3:21. But we have seen that before thus restoring the human sons to their proper position and glory, as such on earth, God is now taking out a number of sons who change their nature, and in the resurrection will become perfect spiritual beings, no longer earthly. Since both of these families are sons, it is proper that God should indicate his recognition of them in some way. Hence he has already at the beginning of our age indicated our acceptance, and so, or similarly, he will indicate the acceptance of the fleshly sons when their age is opening – and it should be indicated soon, we think.

The Prophet Joel mentions both of these outpourings of the Spirit and the gifts attendant. (Joel 2:28-32.) Peter recognized Pentecost as a fulfillment of this, and so it was. Most, and the chief part of the prophecy, was fulfilled there, but not all of it. There God poured out of his Spirit upon his servants and handmaidens; but did he pour it out upon all flesh? Certainly not; only on those who received Jesus and became sons of God by consecration.

Yet, like other things of God's Word, it is so written that the full import remained covered – hidden – until due time. The hiding consists in stating the first fulfillment last, and the last first. And such is God's custom: He gave the natural seed of Abraham and its promises first, and the spiritual and chief seed last; yet in the full completion of his plan, the spiritual seed must be glorified before the natural can have its promises fulfilled.

If we transpose the words of Joel we can see the two outpourings of gifts, etc., clearly – thus: "And also upon the servants and handmaids in those days will I pour out my Spirit." [This was fulfilled in the Lord's servants at Pentecost.] "And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophecy, [declare] and your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions." In the receiving of these earthly sons, Israel will be the first – "To the Jew first, and also the Gentile." And in harmony with this we read, that in that day – the day of the Lord – God will pour upon them the spirit of grace and supplication: and they shall look upon him whom they have pierced. (Zech. 12:10.)

It is eminently proper, that man should and must come again into harmony with the mind or Spirit of God. Man was created in the image [mental likeness] of God. Sin has marred it, until he is more the [mental] image of Satan. But in the incoming age, coming under the influence of truth and the rule of Christ, the hearts of stone shall become hearts of flesh [proper fleshly minds] (Ezek. 11:19.) and the likeness of Satan, will give place to the original likeness of God.

Those who have the Spirit of God and its witness then, will neither be called to suffer nor to reign as we are, who are now called to the heavenly inheritance.

The Spirit will witness to them that the "marriage of the Lamb is come" (accomplished) – that the "little flock" selected to the spiritual plane of being, is complete, and is the power, which with its head Jesus, is blessing them. As the Spirit now witnesses to the new creatures that they are to suffer while the wicked flourish; it will witness to those of the next age, that the body of Christ has filled up the measure of suffering. Instead of witnessing to them as to us, that houses and lands must be forsaken to gain a heavenly inheritance; it will witness to them, that he that serveth God shall be blessed, and build houses and inherit them, plant vineyards and eat the fruit of them, and long enjoy the work of their hands, (Isa. 65:22) and that the righteous shall flourish and the wicked [wilful sinners] be cut off from life.

This change in the order of things after the body of Christ has been selected, will be due to the fact, that then the Christ will have taken his great power, and the reign of the kingdom of God will have begun. This is forcibly shown in Malachi 3:14-18. "Now we call the proud, happy, etc. [This causes perplexity until the reason is seen – but when the Jewels have been selected – then there will be a change.] Then shall ye return [things shall be changed] and ye shall discern between the righteous and wicked, etc." Then the whole order of things will be different; the proud will be debased, and the meek exalted; the wicked will be cut off from life, and in "His day the righteous shall flourish."

[R377 : page 8]


Ques. Please permit me two questions – If the door to the High calling closed in 1881, how is it that conversions still take place? Again, the Sanctification movement among Methodists still progresses – is this not the same that we term the "High calling?"

Ans. (No. 1.) We never claimed that conversions would cease with Oct. '81. On the contrary we have claimed that the conversion of the World in general, is a special work of the incoming Millennial age.

What is conversion? It is a turning from one thing to another. To convert a good man would be to make him a bad man. To convert an unbelieving transgressor, is to make him a believing servant. Of the world in general it is true that they are the servants of sin, and to convert them is to make them servants of righteousness. It is in order that all men may be converted to God (become his servants) that Jesus died and that the glad tidings are to be testified to all men in due time. Therefore conversions do not belong to the Gospel age alone, nor can the door to conversion close before the end of the Millennial Age. The nominal church because lacking in truth and abundant in error is losing its power over the world, even to convert to morality. Almost all the recent additions to the nominal churches, are Sunday School children.

Conversion, not only is not the door but it has nothing to do with our "High Calling" except that it is a necessary step which each sinner and unbeliever must take before he can enter the "strait gate" and "narrow way" to the great prize, offered during this Gospel age. Thus we read "Repent and be converted (turned) that your sins may be blotted out." (Acts 3:19.) After you are freed from your sins – "justified by faith" from all things, then you are on the sinless platform and so long as the narrow way and gate were open, you might enter and run for the prize to which it leads. That narrow gate might be entered (while open) by any one who having been made free from sin by faith in Jesus' ransom, would present himself "a living sacrifice" to God.

The first to enter this gate and run the race was our Leader and Forerunner – Jesus. He needed not to wait for a ransom for his sins, being "Holy, harmless and separate from sinners" – "In him was no sin." Jesus entered the gate to run for the same prize, when he consecrated himself a living sacrifice to God, at Baptism. That narrow way stood open ever since, till Oct. 1881, and every justified believer has had the invitation to come take up his cross and follow the Leader – share his sufferings and be made conformable unto his death. "Few there be that find it," because (through lack of study or faith in the Word) few appreciate the grand prize so highly, as to be willing to share the cross despising the shame and contempt of the World.

Our understanding is, that all justified believers who had, prior to Oct. '81 consecrated their all, of mind and body to God, are on "the narrow way" and should continue to "so run (according to their covenant) as to obtain" the prize. It is for this perfecting of the members of the body now in the narrow way that we wait in our present humiliated condition, expecting that when the trial is finished, the Lord our head will glorify his BODY. To thus perfect us and ripen us rapidly, the light of truth [the harvest Sun] shines brighter than ever before. [See Jan. No., page 5.]

Ans. (No. 2.) Sanctification means, set apart or separated. There are many and various ideas on the subject of sanctification. One trouble is that many are sanctified to error and almost destitute of truth. They are set apart to carry out some plan or scheme of their own, begotten through the traditions of men.

The only sanctification recognized in Scripture as the good, acceptable and perfect will of God, is a Sanctification of the spirit (mind) through the belief of the truth. (2 Thes. 2:13.) That was Paul's inspired idea of sanctification. Jesus taught the same truth, praying: "Sanctify them through thy truth: thy Word is truth." (John 17:17.) James taught the same. Jas. 1:18.

We conclude then, that there is much spurious Sanctification. Some, we doubt not, are sanctified through less truth than we have received; but if children, it is only reasonable to suppose that the Father will provide such with the "meat in due season." One thing seems sure, that all consecrated ones who have any measure of the spirit of truth, will feel and manifest a desire for, rather than an opposition to, more advanced truths.

To such as have been sanctified through a little truth and have truly given their minds and bodies to God's service, we, as his ambassadors urge, that they gird up the loins of their minds (Being girt about with truth,) and run with fresh vigor the race for the prize of our high calling – that they throw off all entanglements of earthly organizations, and run as Christ's free men. But while we still would urge justified believers (who have never yet consecrated) to now consecrate their time and powers to God's service, we cannot hold out as a hope, the heavenly prize. We point such to the same prize for which Abraham and all prior to Jesus ran, viz: future earthly blessings.

Ques. Why do you say in February issue that the reformers were untitled men? History records that Martin Luther was a Doctor of Divinity before he became a leader in the Reformation.

Ans. Yes, he was a D.D. before he reformed, but was called a Heretic after it.

Ques. (No. 2.) You say that Luther's 27th Thesis showed that he did not believe in man's natural or inherent immortality. I have looked up the 27th Thesis of the Lutheran Church and find no such thing.

Ans. The Lutheran Church has changed those Theses, and though they have a 27th, it is not Luther's 27th. They dropped his out, because it taught just as we said, that man by nature is not immortal. Immortality is promised only to overcomers. See "LUTHER'S WORKS," vol. 2, pp. 106 and 107. – His defense of his XXVII. Thesis.

Ques. Jesus has not been called Immanuel (God with us) yet, has he? Does not this name apply to the complete Christ – head and body – when exalted and present with the world?

Ans. We think that it is similar to the title – "The Everlasting Father." As we have heretofore seen, "The God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ hath begotten us," who constitute the members in particular of Christ's body (1 Pet. 1:3); consequently, we are members of the body of that "Everlasting Father" or life giver to the world. So also with the title Immanuel. Like these, is another title, "The Prince of Peace" – we are members in particular of the body of that Prince – joint-heirs with Jesus Christ our Lord and Head, if so be that we suffer with him.